Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 59 of 95)

    • Assertion (A): Deviant behaviour, according to Merton, is the function of social structure.
    • Reason (R): Social factors are attributed more in the causation of social deviance than individual or biological factors.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): People do not join a cult but rather follow particular theories or prescribed ways of behaviour.
    • Reason (R): Members are usually allowed to maintain other religious connections.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Magic will gradually disappear with the development of science.
    • Reason (R): Magic involves empirical ends.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Social stratification is one of forms of social differentiation.
    • Reason (R): Social differentiation is the mode of differentiating individuals in a given society on the basis of some social criterion.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Caste discriminations are now-a days not observed in public life.
    • Reason (R): The touchable castes have stopped maintaining caste distinctions.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): The socio-political hegemony of rural India has passed in the hands of more militant and numerically superior but ritually lower castes.
    • Reason (R): The enforcement of land reform has made change of caste hegemony in rural India possible.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Deviance is positively associated with anomie.
    • Reason (R): Industrial urban communities encourage egoism.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Many tribal communities are said to have merged with Hindu communities around them.
    • Reason (R): In the process of assimilation it is the relative power of the groups that is the deciding factor.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Indian agricultural communities are very highly stratified.
    • Reason (R): There is relationship between the system of stratification and the division of work.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Post-industrial society is characterized by service economy and intellectual technology.
    • Reason (R): The basic emphasis in postindustrial society is on maximization of production.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

  1. Two tribes living in a geographical area may result in the mutual exchange of cultural traits and a minimization of differences. The process is called

    1. adult socialization

    2. cooperation

    3. accommodation

    4. assimilation

  2. What is the correct sequence of dialectics in society according to Hegel?

    1. Synthesis

    2. Thesis

    3. Antithesis

    Codes:

    1. 2, 3, 1

    2. 1, 2, 3

    3. 1, 3, 2

    4. 3, 2, 1

  3. Who among the following maintains that better group solidarity results with removal of misunderstandings, through conflicts?

    1. Sumner

    2. Dahrendorf

    3. Weber

    4. Simmel

  4. Which of the following were identified by Malthus as ‘positive checks’ on the growth of population?

    1. Misery

    2. Epidemics

    3. Chastity

    4. Violence

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  5. Consider the following:

    1. Low birth rates and low death rates

    2. High birth rates and high death rates

    3. High birth rates and low death rates

    What is the sequential arrangement of the above in changes in population denoted by the theory of Demographic transition?

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2, 3

    2. 2, 3, 1

    3. 2, 1, 3

    4. 1, 3, 2