Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 69 of 95)

  1. Who among the following gave a linear explanation for the evolution of human societies?

    1. Pareto

    2. Weber

    3. Spencer

    4. Sorokin

  2. Which of the following factors, according to Durkheim, obstruct changeover from mechanical to organic solidarity?

    1. Anomie

    2. Inadequate organization

    3. Inequality of opportunities

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  3. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists

    List-I List-II
    1. Auguste Comte

    2. Karl Marx

    3. Herbert Spencer

    4. Redcliffe Brown

    1. Materialism

    2. Evolutionism

    3. Positivism

    4. Functionalism

    5. Existentialism

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 5
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 5
      • 4
  4. Which one of the following factors accounts for David McClelland's views on economic growth and development?

    1. Personal qualities of gifted individuals

    2. Technological advancement

    3. Risk bearing capacity

    4. Preparedness to accept changing situation

  5. Which one of the following best describes ‘science’

    1. Method of understanding and explaining a phenomenon

    2. Way of making things

    3. Method of making a phenomenon work

    4. Way of gaining acquaintance with nature

  6. Which one of the following is in dispute affecting Indian scientist in the international context?

    1. Foreign aid

    2. Foreign collaboration

    3. Technology transfer

    4. Intellectual property rights

  7. One of the important elements of the ethos of science is

    1. emotional value

    2. organized scepticism

    3. organised scholasticism

    4. commitment to human values

  8. Which of the following are factors in terms of which the adoption of agricultural innovations by the cultivators in India can be explained?

    1. Agriculture entrepreneurship

    2. Efforts by the extension agencies

    3. Price incentive

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  9. Which of the following statements are correct?

    1. Change in technology leads to change in culture

    2. Change in culture leads to change in technology

    3. Change to technology leads to change in technology

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  10. Who among the following gave the example of the invention of self-starter for automobiles as the reason for early women's liberation in the west?

    1. W J Goode

    2. W E Moore

    3. W F Ogburn

    4. W G Sumner

  11. Which one of the following incidents prompted Vinoba Bhave to initiate the Bhoodan Movement in India?

    1. Nalgonda incident

    2. Srikakulam incident

    3. Naxalbari incident

    4. Madhubani incident

  12. Who among the following are not associated with Backward Caste Movement in India?

    1. Sri Narayan Guru

    2. B R Ambedkar

    3. Jyothiba Phule

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  13. A basic distinction between culture and civilization is:

    1. culture is what we have achieved and civilization is what we aspire to achieve

    2. culture is what comes but of intelligence and civilization is not

    3. culture is secondary and civilization is primary

    4. culture is what we are and civilization is what we have

  14. Who among the following marked three stages of the development of human society as savagery barbarism and civilization?

    1. AL Kroeber

    2. C Darwin

    3. H Spencer

    4. L H Morgan

  15. Everything is right somewhere but not everywhere. This refers to:

    1. cultural universals

    2. cultural relativity

    3. counter-culture

    4. cultural pluralism