Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 70 of 95)

  1. When cultural traits spread from one society to another, the process is called

    1. diffusion

    2. parallelism

    3. evolution

    4. pluralism

  2. The concept of cultural lag explains that there is faster rate of change in the

    1. economic sector of society in comparison to non-economic sectors

    2. political domain of society in comparison to economic domain

    3. technological sector of society in comparison to cultural sectors

    4. religious activities of society in comparison to cultural activities

  3. Ethnocentrism is dysfunctional to:

    1. intra-group relations

    2. peer group relations

    3. inter-group relations

    4. community relations

  4. The concept of institutionalization is crucial to Parsons'Conceptualization of Social System. He view it as a:

    1. process and as a structure

    2. function and as a framework

    3. framework and as a structure

    4. structure and as a function

  5. When a passenger goozes an air hostess, who in turn gives him a dirty look, in terms of Max Weber's categories her reaction would be classifiable as:

    1. emotional action

    2. social action

    3. rational action

    4. traditional action

  6. According to R K Merton, a role set is:

    1. a set of roles performed by the members in any group

    2. an array of associated roles related to particular social status

    3. a set of roles of equal status in any group

    4. an array of roles hierarchically ordered in any group

    5. b

    6. A role set is a cluster of two or more roles that are reciprocal that are tied together in such a way that they must be enacted in interaction with one another.

  7. Social distance is often associated with a sealing technique developed by

    1. Thurstone

    2. Likert

    3. Moreno

    4. Bogardus

  8. What is the correct sequence of the following?

    1. Agrarian societies

    2. Hunting and gathering societies.

    3. Industrial societies

    4. Horticultural societies.

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 2, 4, 1, 3

    2. 1, 2, 4, 3

    3. 2, 1, 4, 3

    4. 4, 2, 1, 3

  9. A society characterized by the absence of barriers to social mobility is called:

    1. ideal society

    2. dynamic society

    3. closed society

    4. open society

  10. Which of the following characteristics are associated with primary group?

    1. Small size

    2. Self-interest

    3. Similarity of background

    4. Intensity of shared interests

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. l, 2and 4

  11. A group to which we compare ourselves when we judge our own status is called:

    1. kin group

    2. secondary group

    3. peer group

    4. reference group

  12. A change in social position that does not alter a person's status is

    1. social immobility

    2. horizontal mobility

    3. vertical mobility

    4. structural mobility

  13. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Expected behaviour associated with a given status

    2. Array of roles that goes with a given status

    3. Demands from two or more rules that do not mesh

    4. Conflicting demands of the same role

    1. Role

    2. Role conflict

    3. Role strain

    4. Role set

    5. Role model

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 5
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 5
      • 4
      • 1
  14. One of the explanations of role is that it is a:

    1. micro level aspect of status

    2. static aspect of status

    3. dynamic aspect of status

    4. macro aspect of status

  15. Which of the following statements associated with status and role are correct?

    1. Status is a recognized social position within a society

    2. Role is the behaviour appropriate to a society

    3. Role is a guide to status expected from a person

    4. Status is ascribed to a person as the person achieves it

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 2 and 4

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 3 and 4