Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 8 of 95)

  1. The maxim that a culture must be understood and evaluated on its own terms without reference to the values of another culture, is known as:

    1. cultural hegemony

    2. cultural relativism

    3. cultural pluralism

    4. cultural specificity

  2. Assertion (A) Quality of life in Indian cities is poor. Reason (R): Large number of poor people live in Indian cities.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Minorities in India feel in secured and alienated.
    • Reason (R): Minorities are ethnocentric.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  3. Assertion (A) Muslims marriage, regulated by Muslims'personal law, is a social character. Reason (R): ‘Shariat’ the personal law of the Muslims, lacks in sacramental character.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Concept of culture suggests boundedness, homogeneity, coherence and stability.
    • Reason (R): Social reality is characterised by variability, inconsistencies and individual agency.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): In a caste system in which the accommodation lasts for a long time, the attitudes of members of the stratified groups get adjusted to the arrangement.
    • Reason (R): Accommodation is more than a purely external relationship and has become a conditioning force in shaping the social attitudes of persons.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  4. Assertion (A) Commercial revolution was the main reason for the development of medieval cities. Reason (R): Colonization and conquests opened up the East to the Western market.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Under the influence of mass-culture, people support the prevailing system of domination, against their own interest.
    • Reason (R): The mass-culture promotes apathy, resignation and acceptance of things as they are:
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Society always tries to come out with a solution to overcome a problem.
    • Reason (R): No society can afford to let a problem continue lest its unity and survival are endangered.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): For matrimonial relations, upper caste people are more class conscious than being caste conscious.
    • Reason (R): Economic status of the family is an important factor in the settlement of marriage.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Nordic race is superior and creates superior culture.
    • Reason (R): A super-race does not create superior culture.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  5. Assertion (A) In the opinion of Irawati Karve, caste is an extended kin-group. Reason (R): All the members of a caste believe that they have descended from a common ancestor.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): It is not correct to assume that matrilineal families are consanguineal families.
    • Reason (R): Besides the consanguineal kins, the tharawad of Nayars consists of official relatives also.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Marriage is a union between one man and one woman.
    • Reason (R): It establishes legitimacy of sex union and also the legitimacy of children.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Territorial exogamy is not strictly confined to Northern kinship zone.
    • Reason (R): ‘Devara Okkalu’ of the Gangadikar Okkaligas of Karnataka was a form of territorial exogamy.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true