Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 87 of 95)

  1. The term ‘relative deprivation’ was used originally by:

    1. Samuel A Stouffer

    2. R K Merton

    3. Herbert Hytnan

    4. K Davis

  2. What is the function of legal institutions in a society?

    1. Integration

    2. Adaptation

    3. Patterns maintenance

    4. Goal attainment

  3. The process whereby various structural components of a social system are organised is called:

    1. assimilation

    2. integration

    3. cooperation

    4. accommodation

  4. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the list:

    List-I List-II
    1. Ethics of common meanings

    2. Ethics of individual responsibility

    3. Rational legal norms

    4. Magico-astrological pragmatism

    1. Conduct rituals

    2. Norms, sanctions

    3. Rigid principles

    4. Reflexive principles

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
  5. ‘The community is the smallest territorial group that can embrace all aspects of social life,’ according to

    1. CH Cooley

    2. Kingsley Davis

    3. R M Maclver

    4. Harry H Johnson

  6. Promised rewards for compliance and threatened penalties for non-compliance with group expectations, is called:

    1. norms

    2. values

    3. sanctions

    4. mores

  7. Which one of the following concepts correctly refers to the process by which cultural traits are transmitted from one society to another?

    1. Acculturation

    2. Universalization

    3. Diffusion

    4. Assimilation

  8. Who among the following defined ‘function’ as the contribution of a part to the maintenance and well being of the whole?

    1. Malinowaski

    2. Emile Durkheim

    3. Redcliffe Brown

    4. Herbert Spencer

  9. A society in which cultural groups are not forced into assimilation ut are able to coexist with one another in mutual respect and with a fair share of the national resources is described as

    1. a melting pot

    2. democratic

    3. pluralistic

    4. a mosaic

  10. The assumption that every culture needs to be evaluated on its own terms, is the converse of:

    1. enculturation

    2. ethnocentrism

    3. domination

    4. minoritism

  11. According to Parsons, for a social structure to persist it must reform which of the following functions?

    1. Adaptation

    2. Social action

    3. Integration

    4. Goal attainment

    5. Socialization

    6. Pattern maintenance

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 2, 4, 5 and 6

    3. 1, 3, 5 and 6

    4. 1, 2, 4 and 5

  12. Who among the following identified four major types of co-operation, that is, spontaneous, traditional, directed and contractual?

    1. Lewis Coser

    2. George Simmel

    3. Robert Nisbet

    4. George C. Homans

  13. The view that social structure can be understood through roles, networks and patterns was propounded by:

    1. S F Nadel

    2. Redeliffe Brown

    3. Talcott Parsons

    4. Herbert Spencer

  14. Levirate means:

    1. a man marrying his wife's sister while is the wife still alive

    2. a man marrying his wife's sister after the death of his wife

    3. a woman marrying her husband's brother while the husband is still alive

    4. a woman marrying her husband's brother after the death of her husband

  15. The Muslim community of Lakshadweep follows:

    1. matrilineal kinship and duolocal residence

    2. patriarchal kinship and neologocal residence

    3. niatrilineal kinship and matrilocal residence

    4. patrilineal kinship and patrilocal residence