Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 89 of 95)

  1. The National Commission for Women was set up as a national level statutory body to

    1. review the constitutional and legal safeguards for women

    2. eradicate gender disparities

    3. abolish gender bias against women

    4. improve the status of women

    Answer: a

  2. Which of the following characteristics distinguishes man from the other animals?

    1. Ability to stand erect

    2. Ability to adapt to the environment

    3. Ability to make tools

    4. Ability to live in a group

    Answer: c

  3. The biological capacity to reproduce is usually called

    1. Fertility

    2. Celibacy

    3. Infecundity

    4. Fecundity

    Answer: d

  4. Consider the following statements: Political modernisation goes hand in hand with

    1. illiteracy

    2. political participation

    3. urbanisation

    4. use of mass media

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 4

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 2, 3 and 4

    Answer: d

  5. Consider the following statements: Authority consists of

    1. legitimacy

    2. qualification

    3. power

    4. regularity

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 4

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 1, 3 and 4

    Answer: d

  6. Consider the following factors:

    1. Seasonal migration

    2. Weekly commutation

    3. Change of residence on permanent or at least semi-permanent basis

    4. Being away from the place of normal residence during the entire period of Census count

    Which of these is/are the determining factor (s) in defining a migrant in the Indian Census?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 4 only

    Answer: d

  7. There is freedom of association between members of all strata including intermarriage and equalitarian social relations in

    1. open-class

    2. open-ethnic

    3. closed-caste

    4. closed-estate

    Answer: a

  8. Disparity in income levels of different economic entities are measured on

    1. Supply curve

    2. Demand curve

    3. Cost curve

    4. Lorez curve

    Answer: d

    • Assertion (A): The father who has to be the loving parent, faces the problem of role-strain because he finds it necessary to discipline his son with stern measures.
    • Reason (R): Role-strain is a feeling of difficulty or stress in fulfilling the demands of one's role obligations.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Durkheim observed that crime is an integral part of all ‘healthy societies’
    • Reason (R): All deviant acts are not criminal.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): The importance of work as well as its frequency is not going to experience a considerable decline in the society of the future.
    • Reason (R): Wages or the money that people need for sustenance will be based on flexi-time
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Socially sanctioned sex gratification is a basis for marriage.
    • Reason (R): Marriage regulates sexual relations between individuals.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Secondary groups are more influential in industrial society than in tribal and agrarian societies.
    • Reason (R): Industrial society has more technical and complex system
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Urbanisation refers to the process whereby people are influenced by the values ehaviour, institutions and material things that are products of the city.
    • Reason (R): The city is considered as a dynamic source of change that produces a complex, heterogeneous and highly specialised social organisation.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): The forces, making for industrialisation, work to the detriment of religion.
    • Reason (R): Religion is an internal attitude which is not easily amenable to observation and measure.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): The death rate among the Korkus in Amaravathi district of Maharashtra is very high due to a certain genetic defect.
    • Reason (R): The tribe suffers from sickle cell disease which reduces the immunity of the tribals.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): In order to survive, an authoritarian State resorts to repression, permanent mobilization and manipulation.
    • Reason (R): In an authoritarian State, the bureaucratic apparatus becomes responsive to the needs of the masses.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): In post-independent India Dalits have gained political protection but their socio-economic progress is not satisfactory.
    • Reason (R): Indian society is a caste-ridden society where only certain caste-groups can have social and economic domination.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): In village India, factions are hardly based on caste.
    • Reason (R): In spite of changes in the actions, strategies and rules of the game, clash of personal interests is the real cause of factionalism.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Electronics, automobiles and other means of modern transport have brought significant changes in the social relationships among the human beings.
    • Reason (R): Science and technology have affected the attitudes, values and behaviours of people across the societies.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): All cities are growing rapidly. Nearly 40 per cent of the population is below 20 years of age and 48 per cent are adults between 20 and 49 years.
    • Reason (R): Land degradation together with other social and economic factors has also led to greater immiserisation of the peasantry prompting greater labour mobility to urban areas.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Poverty in Indian rural families is due to too much technology introduced in the post-independence India.
    • Reason (R): Indian rural masses are not able to cope with complexities of modern technology due to their illiteracy and traditional ways of life.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: d