Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 91 of 95)

  1. Which of the following sectors of economic activities will be predominantly found in the post-industrial societies?

    1. Primary sector

    2. Primary and secondary sectors

    3. Territory sector

    4. Secondary and tertiary sectors

    Answer: d

  2. Who coined the term ‘folk-urban continuum’

    1. R E Park

    2. R Redfield

    3. R Dahrendorf

    4. B K Malinowski

    Answer: b

  3. The monetary authority in India is the

    1. State Bank of India

    2. Reserve Bank of India

    3. Planning Commission

    4. Ministry of Finance

    Answer: b

  4. Which one of the following is known as human capital?

    1. Returns on industry

    2. Returns on savings

    3. Returns on education

    4. Returns on business

    Answer: c

  5. Which one of the following is a process y which parts of the middle class become effectively absorbed into the working class?

    1. Embourgeoisement

    2. Proletarianization

    3. Alienation

    4. Homogenization

    Answer: b

  6. There is a dispute between management and the workers in a factory over wages and working conditions. The management and the representatives of the workers try their best to resolve the dispute through dialogue across the table. In spite of their best efforts they do not succeed in resolving the dispute resulting in the intervention by the government. The above event involves two methods of resolving industrial disputes. These are

    1. Conciliation and adjudication

    2. Arbitration and collective bargaining

    3. Adjudication and arbitration

    4. Collective bargaining and conciliation

    Answer: d

  7. Who among the following said that ‘Industries are the Temples of Modern India’

    1. Ambedkar

    2. Jawaharlal Nehru

    3. Mahatma Gandhi

    4. S Radhakrishnan

    Answer: b

  8. Match List I (Institution) with List II (People) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

    List-I (Institution) List-II (People)
    1. Potlatch

    2. Genna

    3. Kula

    4. Pratik

    1. Naga

    2. Trobrianders

    3. Haithians

    4. Kwakiutl

    5. Javanese

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 2
      • 5
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 3
      • 2
      • 5
      • 4

    Answer: c

  9. Price mechanism means

    1. Price manipulation by producers

    2. Price manipulation by consumers

    3. Spontaneous play of market forces which determines prices

    4. Regulated market

    Answer: c

  10. Crony capitalism is dominated by

    1. Medium scale industries

    2. Powerful business families

    3. Partnership companies

    4. Group of powerful land owners practising mechanized farming

    Answer: c

  11. Match List I (Concepts) with List II (Scholars) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

    List-I (Concepts) List-II (Scholars)
    1. Homo Ecologicus

    2. Village as a republic

    3. Conubation

    4. Conspicuous consumption

    1. Patrick Geddes

    2. Charles Metcalff

    3. T Veblen

    4. Robert Park

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3

    Answer: a

  12. The term ‘Gentrification’ is applied to the kind of urban growth

    1. When migrants from abroad start living

    2. Where there is urban revival of stylish neighbourhood

    3. Where marginalised groups begin to live

    4. Where elderly people live

    Answer: b

  13. Consider the following concepts:

    1. Culture of poverty

    2. Urbanism as a way of life

    3. Sector theory

    4. Folk-urban continuum

    5. Global city

    The correct chronological sequence of the above concepts is

    1. 1, 3, 2, 5, 4

    2. 3, 1, 2, 4, 5

    3. 3, 2, 4, 1, 5

    4. 1, 3, 2, 4, 5

    Answer: b

  14. What is the first and foremost criterion for defining ‘town’

    1. Density of population

    2. Higher percentage of employment in non-agricultural activities

    3. High literacy rate

    4. Presence of slums

    Answer: b

  15. The term ‘Ghetto’ refers to a slum in a city, consisting of members belonging to the same ethnic community. It was originally applied to which one of the following ethnic settlements?

    1. A settlement of Asians in London

    2. A settlement of Jews in Europe

    3. A settlement of Chinese in Los Angeles

    4. A settlement of Italians in the USA

    Answer: b

  16. Match List I (Industry) with List II (Characteristic) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

    List-I (Industry) List-II (Characteristic)
    1. Textile

    2. Petroleum industry

    3. Banking industry

    4. Dot Com industry

    1. Capital intensive

    2. Labour intensive

    3. Flexible

    4. Services

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3

    Answer: a

  17. Consider the following statements: Social demography focuses on the relationships among

    1. the size and spatial distribution of a population.

    2. the age and sex composition

    3. the types and forms of social structures such as clans, families and extended kinship groups.

    4. the forms or structural features of social institutions

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 4

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    Answer: b

  18. The population age pyramid of India is broad-based and conforms to a population of an underdeveloped country showing

    1. large proportion of young and child population

    2. large proportion of younger and smaller proportion of aged persons

    3. large proportion of child and adult population

    4. large proportion of aged persons and child population

    Answer: b

  19. Match List I (Mortality and Fertility in India) with List II (Stages of Population Growth) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

    List-I (Mortality and Fertility) List-II (Stage of Population in India)
    1. Mortality and fertility

    2. Fertility remained at a

    3. Fertility started to

    4. Mortality has remained

    1. Approaching low were very high before stationary stage 1921

    2. Late expanding very high level but stage mortality started to decline after 1921

    3. Early expanding decline but mortality stage declined sharply between 1971 − 81

    4. High stationary steady at a very low level since 1986 but fertility continues to decline slowly

    5. Declining stage

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 5
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 5
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3

    Answer: b

  20. Class-I towns in India are growing at a higher rate than that of towns of smaller size. These towns alone constitute

    1. Less than 50% of total urban population of India

    2. More than 60% of total urban population of India

    3. More than 40% of total urban population of India

    4. More than 70% of total urban population of India

    Answer: b

  21. Match List I (Rate) with List II (Measure) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

    List-I (Rate) List-II (Measure)
    1. Fertility rate

    2. Mortality rate

    3. Migration

    4. Activity rate

    1. Push and pull hypothesis

    2. Child-woman ratio

    3. Economic dependency ratio

    4. Crude death rate

    5. Crude marriage rate

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 5
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 5
      • 2
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3

    Answer: d