Competitive Exams: Alkaloids and Uses

Knowing major alkaloids, their source and uses

Major alkaloids, their sources and uses
This table describes most important alkaloids, with source and uses

Alkaloid

Source

Use

Morphine

Papaver Somineferum

Analgesic/sedative

Codiene

Papaver Somineferum (capsule)

Cold & cough

Reserpine

Rawolfia serpentia(root)

Lowers BP.

Quinine

Cinchona offincilis(bark)

Malaria

Atropine

Atropa Belladona(leaf)

Dilates ,pupil of eye

Ephedrine

Ephetra (whole plant)

Asthma

Curcumine

Curcurma longa (rhizome)

Antihelminth

Aconite

Aconitium napellus (roots)

Neuralgia/Rheumatism

Cooaine

Erythroxylon coca (leaf)

Local anesthesia

Strychnine

Strychnor nuxvomica (seed)

Nervous disorder