Competitive Exams: Nobel Prize Winners in Biology

  • Khurana –T. RNA synthease yeast alanyl - 77 base pair

  • Khurana –T. RNA synthease Tyrosine Suppressor 207 base pair

  • Jacob & Monad – Discovery of protein synthesis mechanism in virus

  • Thomas catch & Syndney Altman (Ribozymes) 1989

  • Gerd Binning & Heinrich Rohrer (1986) – For scanning tunnelling microscope – 3D images

  • Sir Godfrey Hounsfield – CT scan – 1979

  • Block & Purcell – NMR – 1952

  • Watson & crick – 1962 – Double helix structure of DNA

  • Fritz Zernike – 1953 – phase contract microscopy (Living cells)

  • Buchner -Chemistry – 1907 – enzyme causes Fermentation

  • Sumner & Northrop –– 1946 – chemistry – Work on enzyme

  • Daniel Nathans and Hamilton O. Smith – 1978 – 1st restriction endonuclease isolated

  • Ochoa – 1959 – synthesis of RNA in vitro Conditions

  • W.M Stanley – 1946 – Chemistry – TMV crystallized form proteins

  • Von Behring – Serum Therapeutics.

  • Murray & Thomson – Organ transplant– (Kidney transplant in twins)

  • Navel & Wiscos – Gene control development in womb

  • Kornberg & Ochoa - Artificial synthesis of genes.

  • 1951 – max Theiler – vaccine for yellow fever

  • 1978 – Harrison Smith – Restriction endonuclease.

  • Eijkman – antineuritic vitamin

  • Stanley Prusiner – 1997 – mad cow Disease

  • 1945 – Alexander Fleming – Discovery of Penicillin

  • 1904 –Ramsay-Noble Gases