Competitive Exams: Revision Terminology Part 32

  • Kidney – maintains Homeostatic & pH of body fluids.

  • Indusim of fern = protective.

  • Rnizine – outer growth from lower part of cortex of thallus.

  • Ornamenting of metal by indenting etc. tech = chasing.

  • Form of hetero chromy in animals, leading to paodomorphosis through precocious sexual maturity & shortening of developmental pathway, ofter resulting in juvelized morphology is renown as progenesis.

  • Biological control

    • Cactoblastis to control opuntia.

    • Woodpecker to control red ants.

    • Zygogramma to control parheniun wed

    • Ganbusya to control mosquito larva.

  • Glucagon – Hyper glycemic Factor.

  • Eutrophic – Shallow, rich in nutrients.

  • Oligotrophic – deep, less in nutrients.

  • Dehydrogenase – holoeng – cofactor. NAD/NADP.

  • Temporal isolation – difference breeding period.

  • Ethological isolation – difference breeding behariour.

  • Pb – daruage kidney, CMS, reprodn & maclness.

  • PCB’s – Swoller eyelid, Waxy secretion of eye, fatigue.

  • Sewage treatment – 1 degree – physical – sedimentation.

  • 2 degree – Biological – microbes.

  • 3 degree – chemical – alum, lime, Nao X, reverse osmosis.

Knowing the various reaction mechanisms

Various Reaction Processes

Knowing the various reaction mechanisms

  • Dinitrophenol inhibit ATP Synthesis.

  • Penicillin inhibit cell wall synthesis.

  • ETS inhibited by CN, CO, azide.

  • Oligomycin inhibit oxidative phosphorylation

  • DCMV inhibit ps – II & shop product of MADPH2.

  • Xamanitin – inhibitor of RNA.

  • Rifampicin inducer of metabolizer in liver hence the antibiotic are metabolized faster.

  • Chloramphenicol inhibit prokaryotic prpiclyl transferees.

  • Diphtheria toxin inhibits eEF – 2.

  • Strepiomycin inhibit – prokaryotic translation

  • Puromycin inhibit – eukaryotic translation.

  • Pb inhibit activity of sulfhydryl Enzymes.

  • Vitamin C inhibit activity of poly phenol oxidase.

  • Vitamin C hydrox = gelation of protein & Lysine -> collagen formation.

Difference between Phyllode, Phylloclade and Cladode
Identifying Phyllode, Phylloclade and Cladode with one table

Phyllode

Phylloclade

Cladode/Cladophylls

Flattened petiole/ rachis of leaf which perfoms photosynthesis.

Represent whole shoot stem structure which gram performs photosynthesis.

Only branched modified to take over leaf function.

Do not axise in avil of leaf

Arislin axil of leaf.

Axil of leaf.

Bud pr. In axil

No bud

Bud with basal scale leaf

Nodes & internodes ab.

Difference in nodes & internodes

One internode long

Growth is limited

Unlimited growth

Limited growth.

Absent

Beer leaves caduceus

True leaves reduced to spines/scales.

Vertical

Vertical/Horizontal

Flower in axillary bud.

Seldom succulent

May succulent

Not part in veg. multiplication

Reduce transpiration part in veg reprodn

Few stomata.

May bear aerole (actually nods) spires with bristles / glochidia.

Reduced transpiration.

Euphorbia xyleane- cylinehical, grove, gram, drought deciduous leaves.

Reduce transpiration.

Acacia (petiole )

A.longifoha, A.gloccessces, A.recurve, A.auriculiformis.

Parkinsonia aculenta(rachis)

Flat – Opuntia, Muhlenbeckia, Cocolaba, cylinder – cascurine, E. Rolyeana, E. triculli

Ruscus aculents – sping tip, leaf like Asparagus –flattened, fleshy, straight or curved pointed structure.

  • Mostly plant virus = RNA

  • Animal virus = DNA

  • Neurospora – red/pink mould.

  • Aspengillus – blue/black mould.

  • Penicillin – Green mould.

  • Enamel – ectodermal – amyloblast.

  • Rest teeth – mesodermal – odontoblast.

  • If Co2 , pH , acidity - sigmoid curve – shift to right – Bohr’s effect.

  • Anaemic Hypoxia – Co poison.

  • Histotonic Hypoxia – CN poison.

  • Blue baby – doramen ovalis.

  • Cartioca Sys arch & pulmonary arch – Ouctus Botali – embryo.

  • Cartioca sys arch & pulmonary arch – Ligamenturn arterisum – adult.

  • Cstachion value – Inferior vena cava (post caval).

  • Harvasion value – Superior vena cava (pre caval).

  • Thebasian value – Conary sinus

  • Haemophilia A – Factor VIII – platet factor – I

  • Haemophilia B – Factor IX – Christmas/ Factor - II

  • Invertebrates – neurogenic (except echindoderm) heart.

  • Vertebrates – myogenic heart.

  • Ascending limb – impermeable to water.

  • Descending limb –impermeable to water.

  • Structural unit of muscle – muscle cell.

  • Functional unit of muscle – Sacromere.

  • Cardiac muscle – structurally skeletal functionally involuntary.

  • Bicep – bend arm.

  • Tricep – Strighten arm.