Competitive Exams: Revision Terminology Part 36

Inflorescence

  • Flowers stalked – Raceme

    (1) simple – Caldaria, Cleome, Linaria.

    (2)Compound – yucca, Litchi, gold mchar.

  • Sessile flowers – Spike

    (1) Simple – Achgranthes, Pepper, tuberose, Adhotada.

    (2)Compound – Amaranthers.

  • Rachis fleshy – Spadix

    (1) Simple – Spathe, Colocasia.

    (2)Compound – Coconut, palm.

  • Inverted unisexual weak flam – Catkin oak willow birch poplar mulberry.

  • Strobile – axil with member bract – Hop.

  • Spikelet / Locusta

    (1) Bract (glumes) at axil – Lemma, Bracteole = Palea.

    (2)Wheat, rice, maize, sedges.

  • Rachis short

  • Corymb

    (1) Simple candytuft, Cherry.

    (2) Compound cauliflower.

  • Rachis Suppressed

  • Umbel

    (1) Simple centella, Coriander, Hydrocotyl asciata.

    (2)compound fennel, carrort = both involucre & involucel.

  • Capitate – Acacia, Mimosa, Albizzia, clover.

  • Capitalism or Head or Anthodium

    (1)Simple compositae.

    (2)Compound, Echinops echinatus.

  • Cymore – limited growth as apical bead, basipetally arranged, rachis forms receptacle.

    1. Solitary – Tulip, China rose.

    2. Monochasial uniparous

    3. Helicoid - forget me not, and Scorpoid in Ranunculus Bulbous.

    4. Biparous – Jasmine, Mycanthes, Pink.

    5. Polychasial – Calotropis, Viburnum.

  • Hypanothodiem – Ficus/Figs

  • Thyrius – Cymose dusters – Liliac, grapervine.

  • Cymore Corymb – Caryophyllaceae, Gutti ferae.

Fruits

Dehiscent

  1. Legume – Leguminosae. Pea.

  2. Follicle – calofropis one ventral suture, Superior monocarpellary ovary.

  3. Capsule – Canna inferi ovary - diplotegia from superior ovary – Lady finger, Datura, Cotton.

  4. Siliqua – replum – mustard, radish – Bicarpellary syrocarpous superior ovary.

  5. Silicula – candytuft, Capsella – Small of Siliqua.

Schizocarpic

  1. Lomentum Acacia Mimosa Garjana

  2. Cremocarf coriander, Fennel, carrot, cumin, Umbelliferae.

  3. Samara winged maple – Acer, Dioscoua, Hiptage, Shorea robusta.

  4. Rregma – Polycarpellory ovary – Cocci – Castor germane.

  5. Carcerule – Superior bicarpellary – Labiatae – Gynobasic style – Osimum

Indehiscent

  1. Caryopsis – Grominae – pericarp & seed coat fused – Superior monocarpellary overy.

  2. Achene 4’o clock plant

  3. Cypsela – Bicarpellary inferior ovary – Compositae – sunflower, marigold, crystmther

  4. Nut – superior Polycarp Ellery ovary – pericarp hard – oak, nut, litchi.

  • Sorosis – jack fruit, mulberry, pineapple, moraceae, Spadix type Perianth + bract + seed Edible.

  • Syconus – Hypanothodium inflorescence – Receptall edible – ficus.

  • Aggregate

    (1) Etario of follide – multicarpellary apocarpus – Aconitum, vinca, Mangolia.

    (2) Etario of Achenes lotus – Clematis – fruitlets have style, Rose, Strawberry, Narvalia.

    (3)Etario of dupes – Raspberry.

    (4) Etario of berries – Annonaceae, Anone squamosa.

  • Fishy fruit

    (1) Drupe – Stone fruit walnut – mango, pulrn, Peach, Apricot, Palymara paler.

    (2)Berry Bacca – seeds in pulp – grape, brinjal, tomato, banana, guava.

    (3)Pepo – Cucurbitaceae – Pumpkin, ground, cucumber.

    (4)Hesperidium – Juicy placental hair – citrus – Syncarpous ovary with axole placenta.

    (5) Balausta inferior ovary – Testa – Juicy & edible pomegranate – punica granaturn.

    (6) Amphisarca – Suprior ovary - placenta & inner pericarp edible Aegle marmelos & Feronia elephanturn.

    (6) Pome Inferior, synearpous ovary – apple, pear.