Competitive Exams: Revision Terminology Part 4

  • Test & Fehling’s test to detect glucose in urine

  • Tetrasacchride = Stachyose/ Scorodose

  • Penta Tetrasacchride = Verbascose

  • Pentose – ribose, Xylulose, arabinose

  • Pentose – ribose, xylulose, cell wall material

  • Agar-2 = cell wall constituent of Gracilaria (galactose)

  • Raffinose – Trisaccharide – Sugar beet, coffer, non-reducing

  • Polysaccharides are amorphous in nature, not sweet.

  • Saturated fatty acid – do not bear double bonds.

  • Neutral fat – 16 C – palmitic acid – tripalmitin

  • Neutral fat – 18 C – stearic acid – tristearin

  • Mixed fat = palmetto – ocio – stearin.

  • Rancidity - is the process, which causes a substance to become rancid, that is, having a rank, unpleasant smell or taste. Specifically, it is the hydrolysis and/or autoxidation of fats into short-chain aldehydes and ketones, which are objectionable in taste and odor

  • Most of plant triacylglycerol bear low MP & are liquid at room temperature

  • Waxes – esters of higher fatty acid with high monohydroxyl Alcohol They are inert

  • Beeswax – by abdominal gland – myricylalcohol

  • Lanolin – cutaneous gland = sebum

  • Fe – cu needed for oxidation-reduction process

  • Link of glycolysis & Krebs cycle = Acetyl-coA

  • N2 base choline from PO43- gp e.g. Lecithin (cell membrane & egg yolk)

  • Catadramous – Simple Water -> Sea water, Anguilla

  • Anadromous – sea water -> fresh water, Salman, lamprey

  • NaOCL => Sterilization for HIV

  • AgNo3 => Brown Bottle -> Photosensitive

  • 6 human races are leone

  • New world monkey – flat nose, prehensile tail

  • Old world monkey – narrow nose, facial expressions

  • Dryopithcus Africanus – proconsul – Leaky – East Africa – Miocene - sivapithecus

  • Java ape man (Dubois) – Pithecanthropus rectus

  • Neanderthal man – Protruding Jaw, burial, Cave dweller, Humped back, fashioned skin fish clothing

  • Neanderthal man more cranial than man, semi erect posture, no chin

  • Term Biology – Lamarck & Treviranus (1801)

  • Huxley – “physical basis of life”

  • Catabolism + Anabolism = Metabolism

  • Short term response = irritability

  • Long term response = adaptability

  • Botany from Boskeiy (Greek) – grazing

  • Teleology – events happen with goal in view

  • Serendipity – unexpected discoveries

  • Biotic (Joei De Rosey) - new research by interaction of Biology with computer, electronics etc.

  • Actinobiology – radiobiology – effect of radiation on organism

  • Anthology – Flowers

  • Biometrics – Application of statistics for analysis of biological problems

  • Chronobiology – function of organism in relation to time

  • Ethno botany – relation of primitive & recent people

  • Ethology – Typical behavior of organism

  • Etiology – study of cause of disease.

  • Genealogy – development of organism from earlier forms.

  • Gnotoboitics – germ free life.

  • Biology – Science of Exceptions

  • Latro palynology – study of pollen in medical aspects eg hay fever crime

  • Olericulture – study of vegetables

  • Phenology – change in plant community with seasons.

  • Serology – serum & antigen – antibody interaction

  • Speleology – Organism inhabiting caves

  • Taphonomy – Condition conducive to fossilization of organism in past.

Flowering Time

  • External Condition for initiation of flowering = inductive

  • Xanthium Flowers with minimum 8 Leaves.

  • Matka (Melocanna bambusoides) & nothing (Bambusa tulida) Flower in 48 year.

  • Agave, Bamboo – Flower once in life -> monocarpic.