Competitive Exams: Computer Terminology R to S

RAM

Random access memory. Memory that the computer user can access. It can be changed if necessary (resaving a word processing document). The computer's working memory

ROM (Read only memory)

Read ONLY Memory. Memory that contains programs and data that are permanently recorded when the computer is built. Information stays in memory even when the computer shuts down:

Save

To store information on a floppy disk, hard drive or CD for later use. Work should be saved often, every 5 or 10 minutes, to make sure the latest changes are safely recorded

Save As

To save a document with a new name or to a new location on your hard drive

Search

To look for specific information on the internet or computer

Search Engines

Software that searches, gathers, and identifies information from a database based on an index, keywords or titles.

Search Strategies

There are 3 basic ways to begin a search: 1. Try to guess the URL; 2. Use Subject directories provided by some search engines; 3. Use a Search engine for large searches using unique keywords or combinations of keywords to narrow a search

Security

Protection of a computer, its files, or a computer network from use without permission of the owner or owners

Server

A special computer used to store programs and files, and then sends it out to other computers one or all at a time

Shareware

A form of free software; however, the author of shareware hopes you will make a voluntary contribution for using the product. Software that can be tried before you purchase

Software

A program that consists of instructions used to control hardware and accomplish tasks. The programs or instructions that tell the computer what to do.

Spreadsheets

Provides the tools for working with numbers and allows you to create and edit electronic spreadsheets in managing and analyzing information.

Stand Alone Computer

A computer that does not rely upon any other computer or server to work; it is not networked and does not share resources.

Storyboard

A graphic organizer used for planning and developing a multimedia presentation. The contents, layout, and formatting of each card/slide and the linking together of the cards/slides is storyboarding.

Supercomputers

Classified by size, the largest classification of computers.