Competitive Exams: Employment Generation Programs
Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGRY)
Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGRY) Started on April 1, 1999. It has replaced the following programs:
- Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP): Started in 1978 − 79.
- Training Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM): Started in 1978 − 79.
- Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA): Started in 1978 − 79.
- Ganga Kalyan Yojana (GKY): Started in 1997.
- Million Wells Scheme (MWS): Started in 1989.
- Supply of Improved Tool-kits to Rural Artisans (SITRA)
The yojana takes into account all the strengths and weaknesses of the earlier self-employment programs.
Every assisted family will be brought above the poverty line. It is proposed to cover 30% of the rural poor in each block. To Target at atleast 50% Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, 40% women and 3% disabled.
Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY)
Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) It was introduced in 2000 − 01 with the objective of focusing on village level development in five critical areas I. e. primary health, primary education, housing, rural roads and drinking water and nutrition with the overall objective of improving the quality of life of people in rural areas. Rural electrification was added as an additional component from 2001 − 02.
It has the following components:
- Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
- Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (Gramin Awas).
- Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (Rural Drinking Water Project).
Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)
Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) It was started on Sept. 25, 2001, with the mergence of the Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) and the Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojana (JGSY). Earlier Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, which started in 1989, was merged with Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojana.
The objective of the program is to provide additional wage employment in rural areas and also to provide food security.
Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)
Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY) The SJSRY came into operation in Dec, 1997, through a restructuring and streamlining of the earlier urban poverty alleviation programs, the Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY), the Urban Basic Services for the Poor (UBSP) and the Prime Minister's Integrated Urban Poverty alleviation Program (PMIUPEP).
It seeks to provide employment to the urban employed or underemployed living below poverty line and educated up to IX standard through encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wage employment.
Antyodaya Anna Yojana
Antyodaya Anna Yojana Launched on Dec. 25, 2000. The scheme aims at providing food security to poor families.
The scheme contemplates identification of 10 million ‘poorest of the poor’ families and providing the \m with 25kg of food grains per family per month at a low price of Rs. 2 per Kg for wheat and Rs. 3 per Kg for rice.
Annapurna Yojana Inaugurated on March 19, 1999.
Initially the scheme provided 10 kg food grains to senior citizens who were eligible fore old age pension but could not get it due to one reason or the other. Later on, it was extended to cover those people who get old age pensions.
Food grains are provided to the beneficiaries at subsidized rates of Rs. 2 per kg of wheat and Rs. 3 per kg of rice.