Competitive Exams: President

1

Qualification

  • Must be a citizen of India.
  • Completed 35 yrs in age.
  • Eligible to be a member of Lok Sabha.
  • Must not hold any Government post. Exceptions:
  • President and Vice-President.
  • Governor of any State.
  • Minister of Union or State.

2

Election

  • Indirectly elected through ‘Electoral College’ consisting of Elected members of both the Houses of Parliament & Elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States (No nominated members).
  • Security deposit-15, 000/-
  • Supreme Court inquires all disputes regarding President's election.
  • Takes OATH in presence of Chief Justice of India, or in his absence, senior most judge of Supreme Court.

3

Term & Emoluments

  • 5 year term
  • Article 57 says that there is no upper limit on the no. Of times a person can ecome President.
  • Can give resignation to Vice President before full-term.
  • Present Salary-50, 000/month (including allowances & emoluments).

4

Impeachment

  • Quasi-judicial procedure.
  • Can be impeached only on the ground of violation of Constitution.
  • The impeachment procedure can be initiated in either House of the Parliament.

5

Vacancy

  • In case the office falls vacant due to death, resignation or removal, the Vice-President acts as President. If he is not available then Chief Justice, if not then senior-most judge of Supreme Court shall act as the President of India.
  • The election is to be held within 6 months of the vacancy.

6

Powers

  • Appoints PM, ministers, Chief Justice & Judges of Supreme Court & High courts, Chairman & members of UPSC, Comptroller and Auditor General, Attorney General, Chief Election Commissioner and other members of Election Commission, Governors, Members of Finance Commission, Ambassadors, etc.
  • Can summon & prorogue the sessions of the 2 houses & can dissolve Lok Sabha.
  • Appoints Finance Commission (after every 5 yrs) that recommends distribution of taxes between Union & State govts.
  • Appoints the Chief Justice and the judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts.
  • The President can promulgate 3 types of Emergencies:
  • National Emergency (Article 352)
  • State Emergency (President's Rule) (Article 356)
  • Financial Emergency (Article 360)
  • He is the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces of India.
  • President appoints Chiefs of Army, Navy & Air Force.
  • Declares wars & concludes peace subject to the approval of the Parliament.