Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Bauxite

Bauxite

  • Ore of aluminum metal.

  • Used in aeroplanes, automobiles, electrical.

  • Chief places: Amarkantak plateau comprising Sarguja, Raigarh. And Bilaspur, Maikal Range including Shahdol, Durg and Balaghat and Katni and Jabalpur in M. P; Ranchi, Palamau, Lohardaga and Muri (Jharkhand); Ratnagiri, Thane, Satara, Kolhapur in Maharashtra; Bhavnagar, Junagadh, Amreli and Jamnagar (Gujarat), Kalahandi and Koraput (Orrisa).

  • Two types of Bauxite: One found at Panchpatmali (largest) second found at Gandhamardan.

  • Largest reserves: Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, M P, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Bihar, Jharkhand.

  • Largest producers: Orrisa, Bihar, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Gujarat, M P Chhattisgarh. Lead

  • It occurs in the pre Cambrian rocks and the Vindhayan sediments.

  • Rajasthan produces about 80% of the countries total production. Mainly from the Zawar region of Udaipur. Other areas in Rajasthan include RajpuraDariba area of Bhilwara and Aimer, Alwar, Banswara and Sawai Madhopur.

  • Orrisa: Sambalpur, Kalahandi, and Sundargarh.

  • Andhra Pradesh: Cuddapah, Guntur, Kurnool andNalgonda.

  • Largest producers: Rajasthan, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Sikkim.