Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Multipurpose Projects

Major Multipurpse Projects

Indira Gandhi Canal Project

  • It is the world's largest irrigation project to provide irrigation to semi arid and arid regions of Rajasthan.

  • Water from Pong barrage built over Beas River is being utilized.

  • Indira Gandhi canal once completed will provide irrigation to about 12.51akh hectares of land in Bikaner, Jaisalmer and Ganganagar dist of Rajasthan.

  • It has two stages, in the first stage construction of the Rajasthan feeder, 189 km long Rajasthan main and about 3, 183km long distribution have been taken. The second stage comprises the construction of the remaining part of the Rajasthan main canal and 5, 409km long distributaries.

Pochampad Project

This irrigation project is the second largest project in Andhra Pradesh.

  • It involve 812m in length and 43m of height masonry dam on the Godavari River in Adilabad district.

  • The storage capacity of the dam is 230.36 cross m3 − A canal of length 112.63km will provide irrigation facilities in Karimnagar and Adilabad districts

Tehri Dam Project

  • Alaknanda is the river on which this dam is being constructed in Tehri district of Uttranchal

  • Motives behind this project is to collect the flood water of the Bhagirathi and the Bhilangana rivers in a large reservoir behind the dam Hydroelectricity generation, To provide irrigation facilities to agricultural land in the westem U P

  • Tehri dam has a distinction of highest rock fill dam in the country

  • 2, 70, 000 hectares of agricultural land in western U. P and Delhi with the supply of 300 cusecs is going to be facilitated by this project

2, 400 MW is the installed capacity of power generation A concrete dam at Kateshwar, 22km away from the Tehri dam will impound water released by the Tehri dam, from where another 400 MW of electricity will be generated.

Farraka Barrage Project

River Navigation and to augment the water flow river is the main objective of this project. A barrage across the Ganga River, 2, 240 in length to maintain 271akh cu sec of flood discharge

60, 000 cusec of floodwater flow to be maintained by a barrage across the Bhagirathi river length will be 213 m. A feeder canal 38.38km in length to divert 40, 000 cusecs of water to Hugh River Providing infrastructure to develop river navigation and To build a rail cum road bridge to connect West Bengal with North East India.

Machkund Project

  • It is a joint venture of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa

  • A dam of height 54m and 410 m in length, has been constructed on Machkund river

  • Project includes a powerhouse with 115 MW as the installed capacity

Parambikulam Project

  • This Project is a joint venture of Kerala and Tamil nadu

  • Under this project 185 MW of electricity will be generated and 1.01 lakh hectare of land will be irrigated

  • Water of 8 small rivers would be utilised

Mahi Project

  • It is on Mahi River, which has its origin in Vindhyas in Dhardis of M P

  • Is stage 796 m in length and 21m of height dam is being constructed at Banakbori village. This stage also has 74km long canals to irrigate 1.86 hectares of land.

  • 2nd stage construction of a dam of 1, 430m in length and 58 m high to irrigation 80, 000 of area near kodana.

  • A generation of 40 MW of electricity with irrigation of 2.75 lakh hectares of land is going to be done by this project.

Kakrapara Project

  • Project is in Gujarat on Tapti River.

  • Project involves a dam 14 m high and 621m long

  • 2.27 lakh hectares of land will be irrigated with the help of two canals of 505 km and 837 km in length.

Koyna Project

  • In Maharashtra, on Koyna river

  • Project involves construction of a dam 250 m in height

Hansdev Bango Project

  • Project involves construction of a 85m high stone dam on Hansdev river in M. P

  • It will irrigate 3.28 lakh hectares of land and also be used for industrial purposes

Bargi Project

  • It is on river Bargi near Jabalpur in M P

  • It is a multipurpose project once completed will irrigate 2.45 lakh hectares of land. 25, Bhima Project

  • This project includes construction of two dams-One dam on river Pabna near Pune in Maharashtra, whichj will be 1, 319 m long and 42m high.

  • Other dam with a length of 2467m and a height of 56.4m will be constructed on river Krishna in Sholapur district of Maharastra.

Some other Projects

  • Jayakwadi Project: On Godavri in Maharashtra.

  • Ukai Project: On River Tapti in Gujarat.

  • Puma Project: On River Puma in Maharashtra.

  • Periyar Project: On River Periyar in Kerala.

  • Saharawasi Hydel Project: Near Jog water falls in Karnataka.

  • Tawa Project: On Tawa River. M P

  • Mata Teela Dam: On River Betwa, Jhansi; U. P

  • Kunda Project: Tamil Nadu.

  • Sabrigiri Project: Kerala.

  • Balimela: Orissa.

  • Salal: On River Chenab

  • Kalindi: Karnataka

  • Idduki: Kerala

  • Bhadra: On River Bhadra, Karnataka.

  • Kukadi: Maharashtra

  • Naptha Jhakri: Himachal Pradesh.

  • Dulhasti: Jammu and Kashmir on river Chenab.

  • Girna: On river Girna, Maharashtra

  • Jawai Project: On River Jawai, Rajasthan

  • Jakham Project: Rajasthan

  • Parwati Project: River Parwati, Rajasthan

  • Orai Project: River Orai, Rajasthan

  • Singrauli Super Power Project: Uttar Pradesh