Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Managanese

Manganese

  • Occurs mainly in the Dharwar system of rocks.

  • Pyrolusite is the main ore.

  • India is the third largest producer after Russia and Ghana.

  • Distribution of ore (statewise): Karnataka, Orissa, MP/Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Jharkhand.

  • Statewise production: Orissa, Karnataka, MP/Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Goa and Bihar/Jharkhand.

Areas

  • Orissa: Keonjhar, Sundargarh, Koraput, Kalahandi and Bolangir.
  • Karnataka: Bellary, Uttar Kannad, Shimoga, Tumkur, and Belgaum
  • MP: Balaghat, Chhindwara, Jabalpur and Jhabua. The belt is the continuation of the Nagpur Bhandara belt.
  • Maharashtra: Nagpur Bhandara Belt and Ratnagiri.
  • Andhra Pradesh: Associated with Khondalite rocks. Srikakulam and Vishakhapatnam.
  • Jharkhand: Birmitrapur near Chaibasa, Singhbhum, Hazaribagh, Dhanbad, Gaya and Munger.
  • Gujarat: Vadodra, Panchmahal, Banaskantha and Sabarkantha.
  • Rajasthan: Banswara and Udaipur.
  • W Bengal: Medinapur.