Competitive Exams: Manufacturing Industries in India (Part 7 of 7)

Plastic

  • Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta, Chennai, Bangalore, Vadodara, Vapi, Amritsar, Coimbatore, Amritsar, Barauni, Pimpri, Boniagaon, Kanpur, Mettur, Durgapur.

  • Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (CIPET), Chennai.

  • Exports to UAE, Kuwait, Egypt, Kanya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia.

Drugs and Pharmaceuticals

Public Sector Units: India Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Ltd (IDPL): Established in 1961 (5th April); has 5 plants:

  1. Rishikesh synthetic drugs.

  2. Chennai surgical instruments.

  3. Gurgaon formulations.

  4. Muzaffarpur drugs and chemicals (intermediate) IDPL has 3 subsidiaries: 1. Rajasthan Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Ltd (RPDL). Jaipur; 2. U. P Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Ltd (UPDL). Lucknow; 3. Orissa D&P Ltd. Bhubaneshwar

Hindustan Antibiotics Limited in 1954

  1. Maharashtra Antibiotics and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Nagpur

  2. Karnataka A&P Ltd. Bangalore

  3. Manipur A&P Ltd, Imphal Bengal Immunity Limited (BIL), Kolkata. Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceuticals Ltd (BCPL). Kolkata. Smith Stanistret Pharmaceuticals Ltd (SSPL). Kolkata.

Pesticides

  1. Hindustan Insecticides Ltd:

    1. Udyog Mandal, Kerala

    2. Rashayani, Maharashtra and Delhi.

  2. Subsidiary: Southern Pesticides Corporation (SPC) at Kavour.

  3. HIL produces BHC, DDT, Malatheon, IndoSulphan

Dye Stuff

  • First unit was Associated Research Lab (AR Lab.). 1947, Pune.

  • Atul Products, 1947, Balsar.

  • Amar Dyechem, 1954.

  • Indian Dye Stuff Ind. 1954.

  • Alic Ind. 1956.

  • Suhrid Gaigi.

  • Kallu Chem: Bayer, Hoechst, Ghai, Sandoz India, Kolshed, 1961.

Glass

  • First factory was established in 1941 in UP.

  • Rawmaterial used: Sodaash, feldspar, limestone, dolomite, manganese dioxide, barium oxide, sulphur and copper.

  • Distribution: UP: 100 factories; important centres are: Ferozabad (Agra), Bahzoi, Naini, Hirangau, Shokohabad, Hathras, Sasni, Jaunpur. West Bengal: 34 factories; important places: Kolkata, Howrah, Raniganj, Belgachia, Belgharia, Bellur, Sitarampur, Rishra, Durgapur, Asansol (gets sandstone from Mangalghat and Palaghat). Maharashtra: 22 factories; Important centres: Mumbai, Talegaon, Satara, Nagpur, Kolhapur (bottles).

Ceramics

  • China clay is found in Rajmahal Hills (Bihar).

  • First factory established in Patharghat (Bihar).

  • Second, Barn & Co. Raniganj (W. Bengal).

  • Centre: Wankaner, Thanagarh, Ranipet, Roopnarayanpur, Jabalpur, Nazarbagh, Gwalior, Jaipur.

  • India exports to: Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait; imports from: China & Japan.

Chemical industries

Sulphuric Acid

  • Fertilizer, synthetic fibre, plastic, paint, dyestuff.

  • India imports 90% of its requirement.

  • Important Centre: Kerala, Maharashtra, Gujarat.

Nitric Acid

  • Used in fertilizer and explosives.

  • Main producer: FCL's Trombay Unit

Alkalies

  • Common salt, limestone, coal.

Soda ash

  • Okhla, Mithapur, Dharandhar

  • Used in glass, paper, soap, detergents.

Caustic Soda

  • Detergents, textiles, soaps, paper and pulp.

  • Mettur is the largest centre. Benzene

  • Comes from naphtha, coal.

  • Centre: Koyali, BombayPetroleum Naphtha, Durgapur (coal gas).

  • Used in dyestuff.

Match

  1. First factory was established in Ahmedabad in 1921.

  2. Western India Match Co (WIPCO). 1923; has 5 units: Produces 65% of India's production:

    1. Baraeli

    2. Kolkata

    3. Chennai

    4. Ambarnath, Mumbai

    5. Dubri, Assam.

Concentration and Distribution

  • WBengal: Jharia, Raniganj Tamil Nadu: Ramnathpuram, Tirunavelli, Chennai, Chingalput.
  • Maharashtra: Pune, Thane, Chanda, Mumbai. Gujarat: Ahmedabad, Petlad, Ambarnath
  • UP: Barelli, Meerut, Allahabad, Varanasi Karnataka: Shimoga Kerala: Thiruvanathpura A P: Hyderabad, Warrangal Assam: Dubri Rajasthan: Kota Madhya Pradesh/Chhattisgarh: Bilaspur, Jabalpur.

Lac

  • The insect, Cerria Laca produces Laca; it lives in trees.

  • Climatic requirements: Temp. 12° C and rainfall-150cm.

  • Stick lac is its crude form (like resin).