Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Space relationship

Space relationship

  • 7th largest country (AREA) Total Area = 32, 87, 263 Sq Km. 3, 214 Km = North to South & 2, 933 Km = West to East

  • Latitudinal extent 8° 4 ‘N to 37° 6’ N

  • Longitudinal extent 68° 7 E to 97° 25 ‘E (For mainland) -Southern most point Indira point or Pygmalion Point (Andaman and Nicobar Island) 64° 5’ N

  • Indian Ocean is encircled by 46 countries (27 littoral including Australia, 7 island states and 12 landlocked countries).

  • Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar separates it from Sri Lanka

  • Coastline is 6, 100 Km (along main land mass) and 7, 516 Km

Border Distances

  • China India 4, 225 Km
  • India Pakistan 4, 090 Km
  • India Bangladesh 3, 910 Km
  • India Myanmar 1, 450 Km

Boundary Lines

  • Durand Line: Pakistan and Afghanistan
  • Mac Mohan Line: India and China
  • Radcliff Line: India and Pakistan
  • Maginot Line: France and Germany
  • Hindenburg Line: Poland and Germany
  • Order Niesse Line: Poland and Germany
  • 38th Parallel: North and South Korea
  • 49th Parallel: USA and Canada
  • Mannerheim Line: Finland and Russia