Competitive Exams: Indian Geography urban regions

Urban Regions of India

Year Population residing in Urban Areas.

  • 1901 10.9%
  • 1941 14.1%
  • 1951 17.6%
  • 1961 18.3%
  • 1971 20.21%
  • 1981 23.7%
  • 1991 26.0%

Entire urban regions of India can be divided into six zones

Regional Urban Geography

  • Himachal Pradesh: Total urban population is 74, 44, 824. It has 55 urban centres smallest is Naina Devi (500), largest is Shimla (1, 09, 840). Chamba is most dense (4, 000 people/sq. Km.); least dense is Narkanda (300). Only 10% of total population resides in urban areas, important urban centres are: Shabatha, Dagshai, Jutosh, Kassanti, Solan, Yole, Dalhousie etc. Chamba is situated on Ravi and Kullu Manali on Beas. Shimla is at the altitude of 2205 m. In 1861, it was made the summer capital of India.
  • Madhya Pradesh: Has 433 towns and 15 million people live in urban areas which is 15% ofthe total population of M P important cities are Indore (it is the best and most well planned city and has 10, 86, 000 people), Bhopal (10, 63, 000), third is Jabalpur (88, 000), Murwara, Mahalda, Balaghat, Narsinghpur, Ambikapur, Umaria, Kaimur (all these are mining and industrial towns and cities).
  • Chhattisgarh: Most important city is Raipur, Bhilai, Rajhara and Nandini. There are some planned cities like Panchsheel Nagar, Shankar Nagar.
  • Maharashtra: Total population 40 million; 4 crore live in urban areas i.e.. 25% of the total population; it has 291 urban centres; earliest towns are Paithan, JunnarKarad, Deogiri. Market towns are Sholapur and Barsi (Bhima Valley), Satara in Krishna Valley, Nandurbar, Bhulia (Tapti Valley). Towns during MarathasSangli, Kurundwad, Miraj, Ichalkaranji, Phattan, Bhor, Aurangabad, Kolhapur, Pune, Mumbai. Greater Mumbai has largest population (1 crore, 26 lakh) than Kalyan, Thane, Udhampur, Navi Mumbai.
  • Orissa: 42 lakh population in urban areas. Has 119 urban centers & 1011 % people live in urban areas. Important industrial towns Rourkela (Sundargarh dist.), Hirakud (Sambalpur dist.), Balagir. Mining towns areDhenkanal, Kyonjhar and Mayurbhanj. Historical towns Bhubneshwar, Cuttack and Konark. Commercial towns Sonpur, Besllanguntha, Jharsuguda, Kalahandi and Korapat.
  • Tamil Nadu: 260 urban centres, 190 million population in urban areas, important towns are centred around Nilgiri & Vellore, Salem and Chennai (54 lakhs).
  • Gujarat: 14 million urban areas, 225 urban centres. Important centres are Vadodra, Rajghat, Jamnagar, Bhavnagar, Ahemdabad & Surat. Port city is Kandala. Religious centres are Dakor, Dwarka & Somnath. Gandhinagar is on Sabarmati river.
  • Karnataka: 254 urban centre, 14 million people. Oldest towns: Vatapi, Pampapur, Gokhran, Singeri, talakad, Halebid, Bilm. Fort towns: Belgaun, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Kalyani Jalikot, Devanbali, Parvada, Shinaripur, Hosadwarja. Industrial towns: Mandya, Godag, Jainagar, Gandhingar. Banglore has 41 lakh people.
  • Andhra Pradesh: 18 millions in urban areas, 213 urban centres, historical cities are Kurnool, Mothagudam, Sirpur, Mancheriyal etc.
  • Hyderabad is the largest urban centre (40 lakh), then Vizag. Uttar Pradesh: 28 million, 702 urban centres; highly urbanized sector is Yamunapur (30.4%). Kanpur has largest population (19.62 lakh), Lucknow (15.92 lakh), then Varanasi (9.29 lakhs), then Agra, Allahabad and then Meerut.
  • Punjab: 60 lakh in urban, 119 urban areas, 30% population in urban areas. Ambala is highest urbanized, then Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jallandhar, Patiala, then Gurudaspur.
  • Rajasthan: 10 million in urban areas, 214 urban areas; Largest population in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Bikaner, Ajmer, Udaipur, Alwar, Bhilwara, Ganganagar
  • Jammu and Kashmir: 49 urban centres, 23.89% of population in urban areas. Anantnag, Baramula, Sopor in Srinagar Valley; Mirpur, Udhampur, Poonch and Leh are also urban areas.
  • West Bengal: 27.39% in urban areas, 19 million, 160 urban centres.
  • Manipur: 27% in urban areas, 30 urban centres; Imphal is largest.
  • Assam: 221 urban centres, 25 lakh in urban centres.

Analysis:

Class V 2.6%; 735 towns. Class VI 0.30%; 196 towns. India has 35 such cities whose population is more than 10 lakh or 1 million. Western India is more urbanized than Eastern India. Southern India is more urbanised than Northern India.