Competitive Exams: Forestry

Forestry

A robber industry

Forestry in some parts especially in Europe is more akin to agriculture than to traditional methods.

Types of forests

  1. Tropical Hardwood Forests-Evergreen rain forests and tropical monsoon forests.

    1. In monsoon forests trees are deciduous.

    2. Broadleaved and hardwood trees. Teak, Ebony, Mahogany etc.

  2. Coniferous Forests-Lies north of the temperate hardwood belt.

    1. Conifers are tall, straight, evergreen trees with narrow, needle like leaves. Only a few conifers like Larch are deciduous

    2. Most coniferous trees are softwoods and are light in weight

    3. Although there is a wide variety of species in the Spruce, Pine, Fir and Larch families, the trees usually occur in pure stands consisting of one particular specie.

    4. Most dense, luxuriant coniferous forests are found in Western North America.

Areas

  1. Western N America (California, Washington, Oregon and SW Alaska in USA and British Columbia in Canada) Some of the largest trees like gigantic California Redwood or Sequoias are found in this region.

  2. Central and Eastern N America (more continental climate and thin soils of the Laurentian shield support less luxuriant and often more scattered type of coniferous forest)

  3. Southern USA (Virginia to Texas)

  4. N Europe (Scandinavia) and adjacent Russia along with some areas in north Britain, Germany and Central Europe uplands

  5. Asiatic Russia Much of Northern Siberia