Competitive Exams: Regional Human Geography: A

AFGHANISTAN

Ethnic groups: Pashtun (38 percent), Tajik (25 percent), Hazara (19 percent), Minor ethnic groups (Chahar Aimaks, Turkmen, Baluchi, Nuristani, and others) 12 percent, Uzbek (6 percent).

Languages: Afghan Persian (Dari) 50 (percent), Pashto (35 percent), Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) (11 percent), 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) (4 percent).

Religious affiliations: Sunni Muslim (84 percent), Shia Muslim (15 percent), Other (1 percent).

ALBANIA

Ethnic groups Albanian 95 percent Greek 3 percent Other (Vlachs, Roma [Gypsies], Serbs, and Bulgarians) 2 percent.

Languages Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect; Gheg is spoken primarily in the north), Greek.

Religious affiliations Muslim 70 percent Greek Orthodox 20 percent Roman Catholic 10 percent.

ALGERIA

Ethnic groups Arab 83 percent Berber 16 percent European Less than 1 percent.

Languages Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French.

Religious affiliations Muslim (Islam is the official religion) 96 percent Nonreligious 3 percent Christian, Jewish, and other 1 percent.

ANGOLA

Ethnic groups Ovimbunda 37 percent Mbundu 25 percent Bakongo or Kongo 15 percent LundaChokwe 8 percent Nganguela 6 percent European 1 percent Other 8 percent.

Languages Portuguese (official); Bantu and other African languages.

Religious affiliations Roman Catholic 65 percent Protestant 20 percent Indigenous beliefs 10 percent Other 5 percent.

ARGENTINA

Ethnic groupsDescendants of European immigrants 85 percent Mestizo, Native American, and other 15 percent.

Languages Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French, indigenous languages.

Religious affiliations Roman Catholic 91 percent Jewish 1 percent Nonreligious 2 percent Other 6 percent.

ARMENIA

Ethnic groups Armenian 93 percent Azeri 3 percent Russian 2 percent Other 2 percent. As of the end of 1993, most Azeris had emigrated from Armenia.

LanguagesArmenian 96 percent Russian 2 percent Other 2 percent.

Religious affiliations Armenian Apostolic 94 percent Other 6 percent.

AUSTRALIA

Ethnic groups Caucasian 95 percent Asian 4 percent Aboriginal and other 1 percent.

Languages English (official), indigenous languages.

Religious affiliations Roman Catholic 29 percent Anglican 22 percent Protestants 14 percent Other Christian 15 percent nonreligious 14 percent Other 6 percent.

AUSTRIA

Ethnic groups German 99.4 percent Croatian 0.3 percent Slovene 0.2 percent Other 0.1 percent.

Languages German (official), Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovenian, Turkish, Polish, Slovak, Hungarian, English.

Religious affiliations Roman Catholic 76 percent Protestant 5 percent Nonreligious 7 percent Muslims 2 percent Other 10 percent.

AZERBAIJAN

Ethnic groups Azeri 90.0 percent Dahestani 3.2 percent Russian 2.5 percent Armenian 2.3 percent Other 2.0 percent Almost all Armenians live in the separatist Nagorno Karabakh (disputed) region.

Languages Azeri 89 percent Russian 3 percent Armenian 2 percent Other 6 percent.

Religious affiliations Muslim 93.4 percent Russian Orthodox 2.5 percent Armenian Apostolic 2.3 percent Other 1.8 percent.