15th Century States Bengal, Assam, Orissa

  • The rise of 15th century states had threatened the centralized power of Delhi Sultanate and finally led to the disintegration of the Empire.

  • It was Mughals who once again established a centralized state system in India.

Bengal

  • After the death of Bahrain Khan, the Governor of Sonara-on, Fakividdin. Mubarak Shah succeeded and declared him indpendent;

  • Fakruddin Mubarak adopted the title Yamin Khalifa-i-Allah;

  • He died in 1349-50;

  • He was succeeded by his son Ikhtyaruddin Gazi Shah, but in 1353, East Bengal was conquered by Samsuddin Qiyas Shah and he became the Sultan;

  • Samsuddin defeated Tirhut (Muzaffarpur in Bihar);

  • He conquered some areas of Nepal and reached upto Kathmandu;

  • During his Orissa expedition he defeated Bhanu Dev U, who was Ganga Raja;

  • Next King was Sultan Sikandar Elyasi Shahi

  • He was the son of Samsuddin Eliyas Shah;

  • He was defeated by Firoze Shah Tughlak;

  • He was succeeded by Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah (1389-1409);

  • He was friend of famous poet Hafiz of Shiraz;

  • His reign was famous for Justice;

  • He sent his envoys to China in 1405 and 1409;

  • He was succeeded by Saifuddin Hamza (1410-1412);

  • He was succeeded by Allauddin Firoz Shah (1414-1415);

  • Raja Ganesha was the local Zamindar of Dinajpur;

  • He usurped the throne; when Sultan Ebrahim invaded Bengal, Ganesha fled;

  • Next in succession was Jallaluddin Md. Shah, whose reign lasted upto 1431;

  • Some historians say that Jalaluddin Md. Shah was Rasa. QassesSsa:,

  • He was succeeded by Samsuddin Ahmad Shah (1431-1435);

Restoration of Dyas Sahi Dynasty

  • The first king of Iliyas Shahi, after their restoration was Nasiraddin Md. Shah (1437-1459);

  • He transferred his capital to Gaur;

  • The next king was Ruknuddin Barbak Shah;

Rukimddin

  • Barbak Shah (1459-1474)

    • Shah Ismail Gazi, a popular saint of N.Bengal, lived during his reign;

    • Maladhar Basu, writer of Sri Krishna Vijay, was awarded the title Gunraj Khan;

Samsuddin

  • Yasuf Shah (1474-1481)

    • He built the Jami Mosque at Darrasabari;

Jallaluddin

  • Fath Shah (1481-1487)

    • He was the last king of Ilyas Shahi dynasty;

  • Saifuddin Firoz (1487-14901)

    • He was an Abyssinian;

  • Nasiruddin Mehmood (1490-1491)

  • Shamsuddin Muzaffar Shah (1491-1493)

  • Allauddin Hussain Shah (1493-1519)

  • Nusrat Shah (1519-1532) :

    • He translated Mahabarat into Bengali;

    • He was succeeded by Allauddin Firoze;

  • Allauddin Firoze (1532-1538)

Assam

  • In 1204, Bakhtiyar Khilji tried to conquer Assam but failed;

  • Assam was divided into 3 parts

  1. West Assam - was under Kanata dynasty;

  2. East Assam was under Ahom dynasty;

  3. Some parts of Assam were under Bhuyan - small

  4. Poet Shankar Dev lived during this period;

Orissa

Gangchoda Dynasty

  • The most important king was Ananda Varman;

  • He built Jagannath Temple at Puri and Sun Temple of Konark;

  • Firoze Shah Tughlak in 1360, raided Ganga Choda dynasty;

  • He destroyed the Jagannath Temple;

  • King Bhanuder submitted to Firoz Shah Tughlak;

Gaiapati Dynasty

  • It was founded by Kapilendra;

Bhoj Dynasty

  • It was founded by Govinda;