Indus Valley Civilization-Dholavira, Balakot, Allahdino, Desalpur and Rojdi


  • Kutchch in Gujarat.

  • Discovered by J. P. Joshi in 1967-68.

  • Excavated by R.S Bisht in 1991.

  • It has two parts: Citadel and Lower Town.

  • Excellent water management system with huge water reservoirs and check dams.

  • Elaborate stone gateways and rounded columns.

  • A scale made of buffalo bone has also been found.

  • The city was colorful probably pink and white with walls, roads, floors and roof decorated with colorful clay.

  • A public place has been found in the heart of the city which could be a stadium, a coronation ground, a market or an amphitheater.

  • Unlike the other 1-Harappan towns, which were divided into two parts the Dholavira was divided into three part Citadel, Middle Town and Lower Town. The first two were strongly protected by rectangular fortifications.


  • Near Las Bela, Somani Gulf in Karachi.

  • Pre-Harappan and mature Harappan site.

  • Discovered by George F. Dales in 1979.

  • A citadel has been found.

  • Store jar has also been found.

  • Big houses existed with bathrooms.

  • Centre of shell and bead making.


  • Coastal Karachi.

  • Discovered by W.A. Fairservis.


  • On the banks of Bhadar river at Gunthali (Bhuj) in Gujarat.

  • Discovered by P.P Pandya and MA Dhakey.

  • Pre-Harappa, Harappa and Post-Harappa site.

  • A massive fort found.


  • Near Rajkot in Saurashtra.

  • Pre-Harappa, Harappa and Post-Harappa site.