Mauryas-Origin of Mauryas

Origin of Mauryas

  • It is a matter of great controversy

  • Vishnupurana- Chand-ragupta was the son of Mura - a shudra

  • Even Puranas mention him as Shudra

  • Mudrarakshasa-Mauryas were known as Vrishala and Kulahina, which may be regarded as Shudra

  • Divyadana - Bindusara was a Kshatriya

  • Mahavamsa -Chandra-gupta was a Kshatriya and was related to Kshatriya clan Mauriya

  • Mahaparinibanasutta - Mauryas belonged to a ruling clan of Piphalivam (Malla).

    Detaild map of Origin of Mauryas

    Origin of Mauryas

    Detaild map of Origin of Mauryas

Political History of the Mauryas

Chandragupta Maurya (324 - 300 B.C.)

  • He ascended the throne in 321 B.C.

  • The Greek sources refer to him as Sandrocottus

  • He met Alexander around 326-325 B.C.

  • He fought a war with Selucus Nicator in 305 B.C. and defeated him

  • Matrimonial alliance was made between Chandragupta Maurya and Selucus

  • A treaty was also signed according to which the following areas were to be given to Chandragupta Maurya: -

  1. Gedrosis (Baluchistan)

  2. Arachoria (Kandhar)

  3. Paropamisadai (Kabul)

  4. Aria (Herat)

  • Megasthenese was the ambassador of Selucus, who was in Chandragupta's court

  • According to Parsisthaparvana, a Jain text, Chandragupta Maurya renounced the throne and because a Jaina in old age

  • He went to south with Bhadrabahu, a Jaina saint and adopted Jainism He died at Sravna Belgala in the orthodox Jaina way by slow starvation

  • A small hill at Sravana Belgola he called 'Chandragriha', because Chandragupta lived and performed penance there

  • He ruled for 24 years

Extent of Chandragupta's Empire

  • Almost the whole of India came under his control

  • Only the following areas were outside his empire in the south

  1. Cholas

  2. Pandayas

  3. Keralputras

  4. Satyaputras