Competitive Exams: Organizational Behavior Definition
Define organizational behavior, what are the basic assumptions which you come across during the study of this subject.
Organizational behavior is the study of what people think, feel and do in and around organizations. It explores individual emotions and behavior, team dynamics and the systems and structures of organizations. Organizational behavior seeks to provide an understanding of the factors necessary for managers to create an organization that is more “effective” or “successful” than its competitors.
It is the study of the performance of individuals and groups in different structures and cultures within the work place.
According to Keith Davis organizational behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people act within organizations. It is human tool for the human benefit. It applies broadly to behavior of people in all type of organization such as business, government, schools, etc. It helps people, structure, technology, and the external environment blend together in to an effective operative system.
Fred Luthans defines organizational behavior as understanding, predicting and controlling human behavior at work.
Stephen Robins defines as a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have an organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge improving an organization's effectiveness.
- An industrial enterprise is an organization of the people.
- These people are motivated to work effectively.
- The goals of employers and employees are not necessarily coincide.
The policies and the procedure adopted in an enterprise may influence people in the directions not always foreseen by the policy makers.
A Enumerate the basic fundamental concepts of organizational behavior. Also give out various 4 models with facets one can read in this subject study
every discipline of study has certain set of individual concepts. They are the foundation stones on which the entire edifice of the discipline is developed. In the discipline of accountancy the fundamental concepts is for every debit entry there will be a credit entry. In the natural science the fundamental concepts is the concepts of uniformity of nature. In simple word we can explain fundamental concepts of, organizational behavior revolve around the nature of human being and the nature of organization. These fundamental concepts help manager understand some basics of human behavior at work The discipline of organizational behavior has fundamental concepts revolving round the nature of people and the nature of organizational. The concepts dealing with the nature of individual are four. They are
In spite of all the human being similar every one is different. Every one has a different gift of nature. Different quality of intelligence, Different perception and the different ways of behavior. The concept tells that every person is an entity in him. When it comes to human behavior there can not be a prescriptive solution. Every person is to be treated differently even though two people have the same behavioral problems. The concept tells that manager that he had better be aware of his own stereotype. This concept not only tells that a manger should treat every person as an entity in himself but he should also examine his own stereotypes.
PERSON: In olden day's employee were refereed to as hands implying that the organization hires only the hands of man. Nothing can be farther from the truth. An organization hires not only the hands of employee but hires complete men with all his pluses and minuses. At the same since a person performs many roles at the same times the happenings is one role are bound to affects the behavior in other roles of the person. The concept tells the manager than when it comes to behavioral problems, he must also take into account the other roles of the person. If the whole person is to be developed than only the benefits will extend beyond the organizational to the entire society. In which the employee lives MOTIVATION: THE concept reminds the manger of the law enunciated by Newton that every action has an equal and opposite reaction. This means the manager, by his own behavior, can cause an employee behave in a particular way. Is he is respectful to his employee they are bound to be respectful to him not otherwise
This concept is of different order from other three because it is more an ethical philosophy tah a scintific conclution. It confirms that people are to be treated differently from other factors of prodution. Because they are of higher order, they want to be treated with respect of dignity, when every one, the employee, the manager as the CEO of an organization is engaged in the same pursuit. The pursuit of enabling their organization to achieve the objections for it has come in existence. Thus they are on the equal footing. The concept tells that every person should be respected simply because he happens to be an employee just as the manager is: