Competitive Exams: Political Science Study Material Loss of Citizenship

Loss of Citizenship

Renunciation

It is a voluntary act by which a person, after Requiring the citizenship of another country, gives up his Indian citizenship. This provision is subject to certain conditions.

Termination

  • Takes place by operation of law when an Indian citizen voluntarily acquires the citizenship of another country.

  • He automatically ceases to be an Indian citizen.

Deprivation

  • It is a compulsory termination of the citizenship of India obtained by registration or Naturalisation, by the Government of India, on charges of using fraudulent means to acquire citizenship.
  • By incorporation of territories: If any new territory becomes a part of India, after a popular verdict, the Government of India shall specify the person of that territory to be the citizen of India.
  • In India, there is single citizenship i.e.. Citizenship of India.
  • A citizen is an individual who enjoys all the rights given by the law, available in the country.
  • Art. 11 says that the Parliament will regulate the right of citizenship by the Law.
  • Termination of citizenship

  • The Citizenship Act, 1955 also lays down three modes by which an Indian citizen may lose his/her citizenship. These are renunciation, termination and deprivation.

By naturalization

Citizenship by naturalisation can be acquired by making an application in the prescribed manner. The qualifications for naturalisation are the following:

  • He must be a person of full age and capacity
  • He must not be a citizen of a country where Indian citizens are prevented from becoming citizen by naturalisation
  • He has renounced the citizenship of the other country
  • He has either resided in India or has been in Government service for 12 months before the date of making the application for naturalisation, or during 7 years prior to these 12 months, he has resided or has been in the Government service for not less than four years
  • He must take an oath of allegiance
  • He is of a good character
  • He has an adequate knowledge of a language recognised by the Constitution