Competitive Exams: Political Science Study Material Planning Commission
- It was established on March 15, 1950 by an executive resolution of the Government of India.
- It was established on the recommendation of the Advisory Planning Board constituted in 1946. under the chairmanship of KC Neogi.
- It is an extra-constitutional and a non-statutory body.
- It is the supreme organ of planning for social and economic development in India. The Prime Minister of India is the ex-officio chairman of the Planning Commission. The Deputy Chairman is the de-facto executive head (i.e.. Full time functional head) of the Commission.
- The Deputy Chairman of the Commission is responsible for the formulation and submission of the draft of the Five-Year Plans to the Central Cabinet.
- He is appointed by the Central Cabinet for a fixed tenure and enjoys the rank of a Cabinet Minister.
- Though he is not a member of the Cabinet, he is invited to attend all its meetings (without a right to vote). Some Central Ministers are appointed as a part-time members of the Commission. Finance Minister and Planning Minister are the ex-officio members of the Commission. The Commission has four to seven full-time expert members.
- The full-time members enjoy the rank of a Minister of State.
- The Planning Commission has a member-secretary. He is usually a senior member of IASL
- The Planning Commission is wholly a Centre-constituted body, the State
- Governments are not represented.
- The Planning Evaluation Organisation (PEO) was established in 1952 as an independent unit of the Planning Commission.
- Planning Commission works as a staff agency with advisory role.
- It is also known as ‘Super Cabinet’ an ‘Economic Cabinet’ a ‘Parallel Cabinet’ the ‘Fifth wheel of the coach’ etc.
- At present, Montak Singh Ahluwalia the Deputy Chairman of the Tenth Planning Commission.