Competitive Exams: Political Science Study Material: Glossary T

Political Science Glossary: T

Territorial waters

The term refers to the extent of the territorial jurisdiction of a country in adjacent sea waters. In terms of the present principles of the International Law, the territorial waters of a country extends up to 12 Nautical Miles from its land boundary. Thus, a country can exercise all the sovereign rights in the territorial waters up to 12 Nautical miles.

Theocratic state

A theocratic State is opposed to a secular State. In theocratic state, a particular religion is recognized as the State religion and the transaction of the Government affairs is generally carried out in accordance with the canons and rules of the State religion. Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Nepal etc. Are some of the theocratic States, whereas India is a secular State.

Three Language Formula

It is a compromise formula of the language problem evolved by the Union in consultation with the Governments of the States. Under this formula, if Hindi happens to be the mother tongue of the people of that State, then apart from English, a third language preferably a South Indian language should be taught to the students at Standards VI, VII and VIII. The formula has not been successful in India. The only State following this formula is Haryana which has introduced Telugu as the third language.

Two-Party System

When there exist only two parties in a country, sufficiently strong to win major part of the electoral vote and exercise political control, such a country is called working on a two-party political system. This does not mean that the other parties do not exist, but they are without much electoral influence so as to play effective role in the national politics. This system is working well in Bangladesh and in Sri Lanka.

Total Revolution

The concept of ‘Total Revolution’ was propounded by Jai Prakash Narayan. It refers to a new consciousness and awareness for a change among the people so that the fast and desirable changes and reforms can be brought about in the social, economic and political system.


Totalitarianism is a political concept often either combined with, or even confused with, others such as authoritarianism or dictatorship. The confusion arises because there trends to be an empirical connection so that authoritarian or dictatorial societies are often also totalitarian. There is, however, no necessary connection. To call a society totalitarian means that the political rulers control eveiy aspect of private and social life in the society, as well as having so extensive a political power that virtually no liberty or autonomy in decision-making is left to individuals or groups outside the political power system.


This is a formal and written agreement between two or more Nations, which prescribes certain rules and conditions with respect to some matter. In the modern International Law, the conditions of a Treaty are binding on all the parties to the treaty. A treaty provides some rights and obligations to the member parties.