Competitive Exams: Political Science Study Material Delimitation Act, 2002

The Delimitation Act, 2002

  • The Delimitation Act, 2002 has been enacted to constitute a Delimitation Commission to give effect to the Constitution (84th Amendment) Act, 2001.

  • The main task of the Commission is to readjust the division of territorial constituencies of the seats in the House of the People, allocated to each State, and to readjust the division of territorial constituencies of the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of each State, on the basis of 1971 census.

  • The seats revised for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to be refixed on the basis of census of 1991.

  • A Delimitation Commission, headed by Shri Justice Kuldeep Singh, a retired judge of the Supreme Court, with the Election Commissioner, Shri B. B. Tondon and Election Commissioner of the State concerned, as Members of the Commission has been constituted.

Delimitation (Amendment) Act, 2003

  • The Delimitation Act, 2002, provided for delimitation of electoral constituencies on the basis of 1991 census. Pursuant to enactment of the Constitution (Eighty Seventh Amendment) Act, 2003, to provide for readjustment of electoral constituencies, including those reserved for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, based on the population census for the year 2001, without affecting the number of seats allocated to States in the Legislative bodies, the Delimitation Act, 2002, was required to be amended. Accordingly, the Delimitation Act, 2003, was enacted.

  • The Act provides for delimitation of Assembly and Parliamentary constituencies on the basis of 2001 census.