Competitive Exams: Political Science Study Material Preamble

The Preamble

Purpose of The Preamble

Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic, the latter include justice, liberty, equality and fraternity, which are yet to be achieved.

The ideals are the means to achieve aspirations.

The Preamble

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political.

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship.

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation.

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

Sovereign

The word ‘Sovereign’ emphasizes that there is no authority outside India on which the country is in any way dependent.

Socialist

By the word ‘Socialist’ the Constitution means the achievement of socialistic pattern of society through democratic means.

Secular

Is it a part of Constitution?

Democratic

Republic

The word ‘Republic’ means that there exists no hereditary ruler in India and all the Authorities of the State are directly or indirectly elected by the people.

The Preamble states that the objectives to be secured to every citizen are:

Justice: Social, economic and political

Liberty: Of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship

Equality: Of status, opportunity

Fraternity

Fraternity as enshrined in the Constitution means a sense of brotherhood prevailing amongst all the sections of the people. This is sought to be achieved by making the State secular, guaranteeing fundamental and other rights equally to people of all sections, and protecting their interests. However, fraternity is an evolving process and by the 42nd amendment, the word ‘integrity’ was added, thus giving it a broader meaning.

KM Munshi termed it as ‘the Political Horoscope’ Earnest Barker calls it the ‘key to the Constitution’ Thakurdas Bhargava recognized it as the ‘Soul of the Constitution’

The term ‘Socialistic pattern of society’ was adopted as a goal of the Indian State by the Congress in 1955 in Avadi Session.

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