ACT Test Composition

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ACT test was formerly developed by the ACT (formerly American College Testing) to measure general academic ability among students. Thsi ability is measured by tests in four core subjects of English, mathematics, reading, and science. The exam is multiple-choice questions based.

English section contains 75 questions and it is favourable if the section gets completed in 45 minutes. The content of the English section can be subdivided into two basic sections i.e.. . Usage/mechanics which refers to basic usage of English language and the other one, rhetorical skills. These two categories can be further divided into 6 parts: Punctuation (13 % of the exam) ; grammar and usage (16 %) ; sentence structure (24 %) ; rhetorical strategy (16 %) ; rhetorical organization (15 %) ; and rhetorical style (16 %) . The English section is composed of five prose passages, followed by questions.

The second subject of maths contains 60 multiple-choice questions and the time limit suggested to complete this section is 60 minutes. This section can be broken into 6 constituent parts: Pre-algebra (23 %) ; elementary algebra (17 %) ; intermediate algebra (15 %) ; coordinate geometry (15 %) ; plane geometry (23 %) ; and trigonometry (7 %) .

The third section of reading contains 40 multiple-choice questions and this section must be completed in 35 minutes. Within this section, four passages are given, each passage from each different section of life as social studies, natural science, fiction, and the humanities. The difficulty level of these passages alter. These passages are followed by questions. And they are meant to assess the candidate՚s ability to understand and evaluate material, rather than the ability to recall obscure facts or define vocabulary.

The fourth and the last section of science contains 40 questions and the maximum time to complete this section should be 35 minutes. Candidates have to master Earth science, physical science, and biology to score well in this section. This test seeks to measure the candidate՚s ability to apply scientific reasoning skills. Content will be presented in the following formats: Data representation, as for instance graphs and tables (38 % of the exam) ; research summaries (45 %) ; and conflicting viewpoints (17 %) . Students will be able to access a copy of their ACT test score report within a couple of weeks.

The initial score of the candidate is calculated as the number of questions answered correctly. There is no negative marking and hence students are benefitted. The raw scores which are calculated are then converted into scores on a scale of 1 to 36 for each of the four multiple-choice tests. These four scores are averaged to produce the student՚s composite score. The score report will also show the student՚s percentile rank in each of the four tests and on the test as a whole. The ACT test is administered six times during the school year at testing locations across the country.

Here are the sections on the ACT test:

SECTIONTotal amount of time allottedNumber of questionsTime to read each passageTime to answer each question
EnglishTime 45 minQuestions 75Time 1 min, 20 secTime 30 sec
MathTime 60 minQuestions 60Time N/ATime 1 min
ReadingTime 35 minQuestions 40Time 3 min, 54 secTime 30 sec
ScienceTime 35 minQuestions 40Time 2 min, 9 secTime 30 sec

The ACT test is of 3.5 hours, including time for reading rules and instructions plus a short break. If you are taking ACT Plus Writing, the test will take just over 4 hours. The actual time you՚re be working on the test is 2 hours 55 minutes; ACT Plus Writing test is 3 hours 25 minutes. How long you՚ll spend on each section is mentioned below:

English: 45 minutes.

Maths: 60 minutes.

Reading: 35 minutes.

Science: 35 minutes.

Writing: 30 minutes.

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