# AFCAT: Physics MCQs (Practice_Test 12 of 35)

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An elastic collision conserves

kinetic energy but not momentum

momentum but not kinetic energy

neither momentum nor kinetic energy

both kinetic energy and momentum

Two planets A and B have the same material density. If the radius of A is twice that of B, then the ratio of the escape velocity VA/VB is

2

-2

1/-2

Β½

A satellite is moving in a circular orbit at a height of 100 km above the earth's surface. A person inside1he satellite feels weightless because

acceleration due to gravity is almost zero at such a height

the earth does not exert any force on the person

the centripetal force makes the satellite move in circular orbit

the forces due to the earth am the moon are almost compensated at such a height

A rod length βlβ is inclined at an angle a with x-axis, An observer moving at a velocity V along the x-axis, will measure the angle of inclination as a (with g = 1/ β1β V2/C 2) given by

tan-1 tan a

tan 1 g tan a

tan 1 (tan a/g)

tan-1 (g/tan a)

Which one of the folk>wing is an example of steady and non-uniform flow?

The flow of a liquid through a straight horizontal pipe at a constant rate

The flow of a liquid through a straight horizontal pipe at a changing rate

The flow of a liquid through a conical pipe at a constant rate

The flow of a liquid through a conical pipe at a changing rate

Water rises to a height h, in a capillary tube, when dipped in water. If the height of this capillary tube, above the water surface is less than h, then

the water level will go down

the water level will come to the top but the radius of curvature of the meniscus will increase

the water level will come to the top but the radius of curvature of the meniscus will decrease

the water will flow out of the capillary

A soap bubble of radius r1 is blown at the end of a capillary tube of length L and radius R. If h is the viscosity of air and T is the surface tension of soap bubble. Then the time taken for the radius of the bubble to reduce to r2 due to flow of air through the capillary. Is equal to

An oil drop of diameter 4 Γ 10 β 4 m falls through air. If the densities of oil and air are 900 kgm-3 and 1.293 kg m β 3 respectively and the coefficient of viscosity of air is 2.0 Γ 10 β 5 Nm-2s, then the terminal velocity of oil drop win be

0.2 Γ 10 β 4 m/s

2 Γ 10 β 4 m/s

4 Γ 10 β 4 m/s

8 Γ 10 β 4 m/s

When a harmonic wave is propagating through a medium, the displacement βyβ of a particle of the medium is represented by y = 10 sin 2p/5 (1800t-x). The time period will be

1/360 sec

1/36 sec

36 sec

360 sec

Consider the mechanical vibrating systems shown in Figures A. B. C and D The vibrations are simple harmonic in:

A and C

A, B and C

B and D

A, B, C and D

The displacement of a particle executing simple harmonic motion is given by y = 4 sin (2t + f) The period of oscillations is

2/p

p/2

p

2p

If three tuning forks of frequencies 512, 513 and 514 are sounded together simultaneously, then the number of beats per second is

0

1

2

3

A particle of mass m describes an elliptical orbit: This motion can be shown to be the sum of two simple harmonic motions at rights angles to each other having

the same frequency but different amplitudes

the same frequency and the same amplitude

different frequencies but the same amplitude

different frequencies and different amplitudes

Two sound waves of same amplitude can interfere destructively if

their frequencies are equal and their phase difference is zero

their frequencies are equal and their phase difference is 1800

their phase difference is 900 irrespective of frequencies

their phase difference is 1800 and their frequencies are unequal.

Tuning fork A when sounded with tuning fork B of frequency 480 Hz gives 5 beats per second. When the prongs of A are loaded with wax, it gives 3 beats per second. The original frequency of A is

475 Hz

485 Hz

483 Hz

477 Hz