Haldane effect – promote co2 transport.
pH, more Co2 released.
Larynx – cartilage of sarrtorini.
Alveolar air o2 = 13.1% Co2 = 5.3% N2 = 79%
Pregnant women – thoracic breathing rest abdominal.
Pulmonary ventilation = tidal vol X resp rate.
Alveolar ventilation = (Tidal vol – Dead space Vol ) X resp. Rate.
Sugareane -> alc (Brazil)
Maize -> alc (USA)
Petro Gops – Euphorbiaceae (euphorbia), Compositae (Brickellia), ascelpiadaceae, apocyanalce.
Gibberellins – parthenocarpy in grapes.
Continued state of muscle contraction = tetanus.
Sacromere = functional unit of myofibril
Corpus leuterm = ruptured graffian follicle
Oven is non motile as fully laden with food material.
Non cellular layer, transparent around ovum = zona pellucida.
Y – chr of drosophila = J shaped.
Linkage gp in Neurospore & yeast of genes.
Primer = short stretch of RNA formed on DNA template.
Primase = eng. Which polymerise building blocks into primer.
Hyrogens – subs released by body which rise the body temp.
Reapeated rhematic fever – streptococcal bacteria.
Exchange of gases in gills & lungs is possible due to thin walled capallary.
Pepsinogen becomes active in stomach due to HCE.
Digestion of fat – pancreatic lipase.
Co containing vitamin = vitamin B12
Analogous = Gineger (stem) & Sweet (root) potato (storage)
Homologous = Thorn of Bougvellia & tendril of cucurbits (axillary position)
Pea tendril & opuntia spines lemon thorns & cucurbits tendrils.
Perikaryon = cell body of neuron
Pneumocystic carnii – lungs,
Idiopathic multiple – skin cancer.
Chronic encephalitis – brain damage.
Thrombocytopenic purpurea – Haemorrage.
Defence 1st – skin, sweat glands.
Defence 2nd – mast cells, histeamines.
Defence 3rd – B & T cells, antibodies.
Guttation – hydathodes.
Turgidity of cell – K+
Reprod in staling bread = spores.
Photoblastic seeds need light for germination.
Primary Co2 acceptor in C3 plants = RuBP.
Root hair = unicellular.
Stem hair = multicellular.
Diaphragm – regulate amount of light entering microscope.
Compound microscopic – simple achromatic.
E.M. -> electromagnetic in nature.
Suaeda fruticosa – Shows alkaline soil.
Best for plant growth – loamy soil.
Wood fiber – sclerenchyma matous.
Wood parenchyma – parenchymatous.
Oxalis – high light intensity as inhibiting photosynthesis = photoxidation.
No transpiration in submerged hydrophyte.
Litter – mor – non porous & friable.
Litter – mull – porous & earth worms.
Pilobolus, physarum & stemonitis – light affects sporulation.
Methylene blue – nucleus.
Acetocarmine – chromosomes.
Cuticular transp of mesophyte > xerophyte.
At time of wilting stomata remains closed even in pr of light due to synthesis of ABA in guard cells.