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  • Mar 20, 2020
  • 1 EU Ruling on Gene Editing and IT and Computers [ Science/Technology ]

    The European Court of Justice. Organisms obtained by mutagenesis are also GMOs. Within the meaning of the GMO Directive.

    Gene Editing

    • Editing of the organism’s native genome.

    • CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) a gene editing technology.

    • CRISPR-

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  • 2 Tribolelectric Nanogenerators - Wireless Transmission of Electrical Energy and MediPix Technology [ Science/Technology ]

    First time wireless transmission of electrical energy has been achieved. Key components-nanowires. Nanogenerator-A small electronic chip that harvests mechanical energy and converts it into electrical energy.

    Triboelectric effect- a type of contact electrification.

    Applications

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  • 3 National Policy on Electronics 2019 and 3D Printed Skin [ Science/Technology ]

    Approval given by the Union government. Replaces the National Policy of Electronics 2012 (NPE 2012). Proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). Aims to position India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM). Formulat

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  • Mar 19, 2020
  • 1 Optical Tweezers, Chirped Pulse Amplification and Thermal Battery Plant [ Science/Technology ]

    Optical tweezers grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their laser beam fingers. Invented by Arthur Ashkin. Tool allowed Ashkin to realise an old dream of science fiction – using the radiation pressure of light to move physical objects. Ashkin succeeded in ge

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  • 2 NETRA, Agni V and Hyperloop Technology [ Science/Technology ]

    First indigenously built Airborne Early Warning and Control System (AEW&CS). Developed by DRDO. A light-weight autonomous UAV for long range surveillance and reconnaissance operations. Radar system is also mounted on Embraer aircraft which gives 240-degree coverage of airspace. H

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  • 3 BOLD-QIT, INS Arihant and Digital Sky Platform [ Science/Technology ]

    BOLD-QIT (Border Electronically Dominated QRT Interception Technique). Under CIBMS (Comprehensive Integrated Border Management system). On India-Bangladesh border in Assam will be launched soon. Project to install technical systems under the CIBMS.

    • Enables Border Security Force

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  • 4 International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) and APSARA – U [ Science/Technology ]

    The world’s largest experimental fusion facility is in France. Most complex science project in human history started in 2010. Use of hydrogen fusion, controlled by superconducting magnets, to produce massive heat energy. Nuclear fusion facility- An international cooperation among

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  • 5 YUVIKA and PM-STIAC [ Science/Technology ]

    A special programme residential training program for School Children called ―Young Scientist Programme-YUvaVIgyaniKAryakram. Primarily aimed at imparting basic knowledge on Space Technology, Space Science and Space Applications to the younger ones. Intent of arousing their intere

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  • 6 Liquid Water Lake in Mars and Unnati: Primary Objectives [ Science/Technology ]

    Expected to facilitate a better understanding on the likely presence of life on Mars. A lake stretching for 20-km. An 11-member Italian team of researchers surveyed the Planum Australe region, or the southern polar plains of Mars. Use of Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ion

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  • 7 Vikas Engine and Oumuamua Comet Discovery [ Science/Technology ]

    A family of liquid fuelled rocket engines. Powers India’s launch vehicles PSLV and GSLV. Improving the payload capability of PSLV, GSLV and GSLV Mk-III launch vehicles. Used in second stage of PSLV which consists of four stages in its operation (Solid-Liquid-Solid-Liquid) and in

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  • Mar 17, 2020
  • 1 First Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite and Draft Space Activities Bill, 2017 [ Science/Technology ]

    HysIS is an earth observation satellite, weighing about 380 kg. Configured around ISRO’s Mini Satellite-2 (IMS-2) bus. Aim is to study the earth’s surface in the visible, near infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Mission life of about 5 years.

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  • 2 GSAT-7A Launch - GSLV-F11 and ISRO-Chandrayaan-2 Mission [ Science/Technology ]

    GSAT-7A with GSLV-F11 (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicles). Launched by ISRO.

    GSAT-7A

    • Close to the intended orbit- GSLV-F11 injected GSAT-7A into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).

    • An advanced communication satellite.

    • A Gregorian Antenna and other new technologies.

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  • 3 Supercomputer: Param Shivay, Space, GSLV MK III [ Science/Technology ]

    SpiNNaker machine -Spiking Neural Network Architecture is capable of completing more than 200 million actions per second. Each of its chips is having 100 million transistors. Designed and built in The University of Manchester in the UK. SpiNNaker mimics the massively parallel com

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  • 4 Research on CMB Radiation and National Supercomputing Mission [ Science/Technology ]

    Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation in Timbaktu village. Weak electromagnetic radiation from the early universe. This radiation comes from the objects that are observed in the universe, like stars or galaxies, it comes from things that are not formed yet.

    Research Signif

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  • 5 India’s Manned Mission to Space and Mission Shakti - Anti-Satellite Missile Test [ Science/Technology ]

    Announcement by the Indian Space Research Organisation. Gaganyaan Mission. To be a reality by 2022. First set of astronauts to be identified from the Indian Air Force. India would become the fourth nation to launch a Human Spaceflight Mission after USA, Russia and China.

    Works i

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  • Mar 16, 2020
  • 1 Achievements of Indians and Indigenisation of Technology [ Science/Technology ]

    Exoplanets are the celestial bodies orbiting stars outside the solar system in clearly defined elliptical paths. Habitability of exo-planets- Mainly based on its distance from its star (the planet should be neither too hot nor too cold). Indian Scientists have been trying since 2

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  • 2 LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) and Discovery of Fast Radio Burst [ Science/Technology ]

    Detection of gravitational waves in 2015 by the Scientific Collaboration. Recent announcement regarding publishing a detailed explanation of how it analyses the noise in its detectors.

    2015 Discovery

    • Gravitational waves are ripples in the fabric of space-time.

    • Arises from the

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  • 3 Green Propellants and Upgrade to Large Hadron Collider – CERN [ Science/Technology ]

    Green Propellants

    • Getting developed by ISRO.

    • Use in future rocket & satellite propulsion systems.

    • An eco-friendly solid propellant.

    • To eliminate the emission of chlorinated exhaust products from rocket.

    • Propellants are based on Glycidyl Azide Polymer (GAP) as fuel and Ammoni

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  • 4 Developments and Their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life [ Science/Technology ]

    Change in ‘Kilogram’ Definition

    • Redefinition of the International system of units (SI).

    • Seven fundamental units.

    • Based on unchanging properties of nature.

    • These are the second (time), the metre (distance), and the candela (luminous intensity, a measure for light’s brightness)

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  • Mar 15, 2020
  • 1 Sustainable Development: Mangalajodi Ecotourism Trust [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Recently won the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) Awards for “Innovation in Tourism Enterprise”. Mangalajodi is a village along the northern banks of Chilika Lake in Odisha. MET being a community owned is a community managed wildlife conservation venture. It is p

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  • 2 Status of Tigers in India, 2018 Report [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    4-years tiger census report. Shows numbers of the big cat have increased across all landscapes. Since 2014 the total number of tigers has risen by 33%. 83 % of the total tigers have been photographed by trap cameras.

    Various states and the tiger census growth report

    • Karnataka 2

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  • 3 Minamata Convention and Biodiversity [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Ratification of Minamata Convention on Mercury. Approved by the Union Cabinet. Convention on Mercury enabling India to become a Party of the Convention. First Conference of the Parties (CoP) under the Minamata Convention took place in Geneva, Switzerland in 2017. Adopted decision

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  • 4 Climate Change-Global Scenario: Green Growth [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Green Growth

    • OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) released a report.

    • Title- “Green Growth Indicators 2017”.

    • Highlights-The slow progress in achieving the Green Growth.

    • Fostering economic growth and development.

    • Ensuring the natural assets continue to

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  • Mar 12, 2020
  • 1 Climate Change-Global Scenario [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Climate Change-Global Scenario

    Green Growth

    • OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) released a report.

    • Title- “Green Growth Indicators 2017”.

    • Highlights-The slow progress in achieving the Green Growth.

    • Fostering economic growth and development.

    • Ensuring

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  • 2 Deep Ocean Mission and Resource Management: Problem of Ghost Gear-Fishing [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Drawn up of a 5-year plan to explore the deep ocean. Drawn up by the Central government. Exercise coordination- Ministry of Earth Sciences. The blueprint of “Deep Ocean Mission” has been recently unveiled by the MOES. Mission proposes to explore the deep ocean similar to the spac

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  • 3 Renewable Energy: Pradhan Mantri JI-Van Yojana and Government Interventions [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Renewable Energy

    Pradhan Mantri JI-Van Yojana

    • Approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs.
    • “Pradhan Mantri JI-VAN (Jaiv Indhan- Vatavaran Anukool fasal awashesh Nivaran) Yojana.
    • Provides financial support to Integrated Bio-ethanol projects using lignocellulosic bioma

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  • 4 Dead Zones and Montreal Protocol Assessment [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Dead Zones

    • The Gulf of Mexico’s annual “dead zone”.

    • Likely to persist for decades.

    • Hypoxic zones or Oxygen minimum zones (OMZ) are areas in the ocean of such low oxygen concentration.

    • Animal life suffocates and dies.

    • Most marine life either dies if they are mobile such as fi

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  • 5 World’s Newest Nation: Bougainville and SDG India Index 2019 [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    World’s Newest Nation: Bougainville

    • Largest island of Solomon Islands Archipelago.

    • A huge reserve of minerals especially Copper and Gold.

    • Bougainville violence began in the late 1980s being triggered by conflict over an enormous opencast copper mine at Panguna.

    • The mine was a

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  • Mar 9, 2020
  • 1 Project WASCAL and World Bank Report on Climate Change [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Project WASCAL (West Africa Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land). A regional climate change project. Sponsored by Germany. To combat climate change in West Africa. Is working on more precise rain forecasts for farmers. WASCAL database

    Foundation on which our

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  • 2 Global Warming and Climate Change and Global Environment Outlook Report-UNEP 11 [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Globe has entered into an Anthropocene era. Humans have begun to impact our environment at the global scale. Variety of Indian bio-diversity would be seriously affected. Populations of more than 40 % of large mammals have declined.

    Impacts of Anthropocene Era

    • Insect biomass has

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