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  • May 4, 2020
  • 1 Scientists Find a New Way to Fight TB [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    A joint study by Translational Health Science and Technology, New Delhi, IIT Indore and All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Identification of a panel of single stranded DNA aptamers that are Mycobacterium tuberculosis malate synthase specific. Short nucleotide seq

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  • 2 NCCS Scientists Find New Microbial Species in Sambhar Lake [ Down-to-Earth, Geography, Environment/Ecology ]

    The Scientists at National Center for Cell Science, Pune have discovered a novel archael species. The species has been named Natrialba swarupiae after Renu Swarup, Secretary and Department of Biotechnology, Government of India.

    • She has played a pivotal role in simplifying Biodi

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  • 3 IIT Madras Scientist to Improve Algorithms in Lattice Cryptography [ Science/Technology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Recently Swarna Jayanti Fellowship has been awarded to 14 researchers including Shweta Agarwal from Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. Her current work involves constructing advanced cryptographic protocols. These protocols are believed to be resistant to quantum computers.

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  • 4 Carbon Capture Technology [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a range of technologies that aim to prevent the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere by heavy industries, power stations and other large polluting point sources.

    • Its objective is to mitigate the harmful effect of carbon dioxide on th

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  • May 2, 2020
  • 1 Verbal Autopsy [ Health, Bills ]

    Verbal autopsy is a research method for ascertaining and attributing causes of death where there was no medical record or formal medical attention given. In VA, health information and events prior to death are acquired from interview of person (s) familiar with the deceased. The

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  • 2 Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology [ Science/Technology, Computers & ICT ]

    Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic field to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects. RFID has three components- RFID tag (smart label), an RFID reader and an antenna.

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  • Apr 28, 2020
  • 1 Thoothukudi Farmers Suffer from Salinity [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Thoothukudi Farmers Suffer from Salinity

    • Padukkupathu village in Tamil Nadu’s Thoothukudi district is facing a severe salinity problem.

    • The condition is such that houses are locked, farmers have been abandoned, coconut trees are barren and markets have been deserted.

    • Padukkapa

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  • Apr 24, 2020
  • 1 Israel’s Nation State Law and Qatar’s OPEC Exit [ Economy, Health ]

    Israel’s Nation State Law

    “National State Law” has been piloted by Israel’s right-wing government. An attempt to legitimise the prevalent apartheid against Arabs. To undermine any peace process with Palestine. As per the law Israel is the historic homeland of the Jewish people wi

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  • 2 Arab Spring 2.0 [ Science/Technology, Economy ]

    Recent protests in Algeria and Sudan. Protesters and militaries are at a stand-off. A possibility that protests could move to other Arab countries as well.

    Arab Spring

    • Refers to a series of uprisings in the countries of the Arab region in 2011.

    • Protests in Tunisia in late 2010

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  • 3 U.S. Turkey Relations and US’s Action on H1B Visa, Bench and Switch Scam [ Science/Technology ]

    Strategic allies since the Cold War. Both are members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). A military alliance was formed in 1949 to counter the Soviet influence. Due to Syrian war, Turkey has drifted away from the US over serious differences.

    U. S. Present Decision

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  • 4 U.S.-Russia: Helsinki Summit and U.S-Turkey Relations-F-35 Fighter Jet Programme [ Science/Technology ]

    Recent meeting of the U. S. President with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin at Helsinki in Finland. Helsinki is Finland’s southern capital. For more than 5 decades a tense cold war was fought between the blocs lead by the U. S. and Russia (Soviet Union). A suitable opportun

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  • Apr 22, 2020
  • 1 Better Governance Needed to Fix Water Crisis in Himalayan Towns [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Better Governance Needed to Fix Water Crisis in Himalayan Towns

    • A recent study by ICIMOD (The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development) has revealed increased water insecurity in the Indian Himalayan towns.

    • A study by The International Centre for Integrated Moun

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  • 2 NASA Maps Show Decline in Pollution Amid Covid-19 Slowdown [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    NASA Maps Show Decline in Pollution Amid Covid-19 Slowdown

    • A dramatic decline in the pollution level has been observed in China between January and February 2020, according to the maps released by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA.

    • NASA compared the first two m

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  • Apr 20, 2020
  • 1 India in US’s STA-1 List-Import of Dual-Use Tech and Strategic Trade Authorization [ Science/Technology ]

    High-technology dual exports to India has been eased by the US after 1½ years of negotiations. India has been granted exemption under the Strategic Trade Authorisation-1 list.

    India-US Defense Ties

    • The civil nuclear deal was signed between the two countries in 2008.

    • Gaining ac

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  • Apr 18, 2020
  • 1 BIMSTEC Summit 2018-Kathmandu Declaration [ Science/Technology ]

    Fourth BIMSTEC Summit was concluded recently in Kathmandu, Nepal. Remarkable progress in reforming the structural and procedural framework although concerns remain there. BIMSTEC consists of India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal. Drafting a charter for

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  • Apr 14, 2020
  • 1 HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act and Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Bill, 2018 [ Health, Bills ]

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Prevention and Control Act


    • India- third largest HIV-infected population with an estimated 2 million people.

    • Aim is to decrease new infections by 75 % between 2010 and 2020 and eliminate AIDS by 2030.

    • A

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  • Apr 11, 2020
  • 1 World Pangolin Day [ Environment/Ecology, Important Days ]

    The Madhya Pradesh Forest Department announced the successful radio-tagging of the Indian pangolin recently.

    • The announcement was done on 9th World Pangolin Day, which was celebrated on February 15,2020.

    • The two rescued pangolins were released in Satpura Tiger Reserve six mont

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  • 2 Dolphin Population in Gahirmatha Halves [ Environment/Ecology ]

    As per dolphin census report released recently, the dolphin population has come down to more than half in Odisha’s Bhitarkanika National Park and Gahirmatha seawaters.

    • In the latest headcount, only 62 dolphins were spotted, whereas the headcount was 126 last year.

    • The census w

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  • 3 New Bacteria Will Help Fight Climate Change and IIT to Set up Research Centre in Data Science [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    A new species of soil bacteria that is capable of breaking down organic matter has been discovered by researchers at Cornell University.

    • The bacteria can degrade even cancer causing chemicals that are released on burning of coal, gas, oil and refuse.


    • Bacterium Parabur

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  • Apr 10, 2020
  • 1 Health: HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act, MMR, Oxytocin, RTS Vaccine [ Health ]

    HIV Act

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act. A legal obligation to protect the privacy of persons with HIV and AIDS. India has the third largest HIV-infected population (estimated 2 million).

    • To decrease new infe

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  • Apr 8, 2020
  • 1 AYUSH: Sowa-Rigpa - Practiced Locations, Infrastructure in India, Origin, Training and Education, National Institute [ Education, Science/Technology, Health, Agriculture/Agro Industries ]


    • Ministry of Ayush.

    • One of the oldest, living and well documented medical tradition of the world.

    • Derived from Bhoti language which means ‘Knowledge of Healing’.

    • Commonly known as Amchi system of medicine.

    • Practice of Sowa-Rigpa is similar to “Ayurveda”.


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  • 2 Pangolins: Eating Habits, Species, Indian Pangolin, Conservation Issue, Protection Status [ Economy, Health ]


    • It is the only mammal fully covered in scales.

    • Large overlapping scales on its body acting as armour.

    • Its scientific name is Pholidota and belongs to Manidae family.

    • Under threat a pangolin will immediately curl into a tight ball and will use their sharp-scaled tail

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  • 3 Global Seed Vault: Global Crop Diversity Trust, Need, Storage, Permafrost, Threat [ Science/Technology ]

    Global Seed Vault or Svalbard Global Seed Vault

    • It is a secure seed bank.

    • Backup of the backups.

    • Lies 360 feet inside of the 1,500-foot Plataberget mountain in Nordenskiöld Land on the island of Spitsbergen in Svalbard, Norway.

    • Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arcti

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  • 4 Arsenic Contamination: Forms, Uses, Threats, Arsenicosis, Arsenic Levels, Biomarkers [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology ]


    • A chemical element with the symbol As and atomic number 33 atomic mass of 74.92.

    • It is a metalloid.

    • Occurs in many minerals usually in combination with sulfur and metals.

    • Toxic to almost all life forms.

    • Naturally present at high levels in the groundwater or a natural

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  • Apr 6, 2020
  • 1 Coronavirus Test Centres in India: All You Need to Know [ All Upd. ]

    As the spread of the coronavirus intensifies across the globe and in India, the government has designated test sites across the country to expedite diagnosis and aid treatment. India has had 169 confirmed cases so far, and three death due to the virus. Here’s a complete list of t

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  • 2 Endemic Diseases Caused by Rats - Plague, Rat Bite, Salmonellosis [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]


    • An infectious disease.

    • Caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.

    • Found usually in found in small mammals and their fleas.

    • Disease transmission occurs between animals via their fleas and as it is a zoonotic bacteria.

    • Can also transmit from animals to humans.

    • A case-fat

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  • 3 Lassa Fever [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    An acute viral hemorrhagic illness. Also known as Lassa hemorrhagic fever (LHF). Caused by Lassa virus which is a member of the arenavirus family of viruses. A single-stranded RNA virus. Endemic in Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, Togo and Nigeria including othe

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  • Mar 28, 2020
  • 1 Malware Infection Kundankulam Nuclear Plant [ Science/Technology, Defense ]

    Nuclear installations and sites have been a prime target of both espionage and sabotage operations. Around 23 cyber incidents at nuclear facilities have been enlisted by NTI (Nuclear Threat Initiative) over the last three decades.

    Multitude of Threat Actors and Vectors

    • Software

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  • Mar 20, 2020
  • 1 Dark Net, DDOS Attack, National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) and Earth BioGenome Project [ Science/Technology ]

    A computer network with restricted access. Used chiefly for illegal peer-to-peer file sharing. Also refers to networks that are not indexed by search engines such as Google, Yahoo or Bing. Only available to a select group of people and not to the general internet public. Only acc

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  • 2 Sunspots, Solar Tsunami and Lifi [ Science/Technology ]

    Temporary phenomena on the Sun’s photosphere. Appear as spots darker than the surrounding areas. Regions of reduced surface temperature. Caused by concentrations of magnetic field flux that inhibits convection. Usually appear in pairs of opposite magnetic polarity.

    • Number varie

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