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  • Nov 6, 2020
  • 1 Bats – Why Conservation is Important? (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Bats – Why Conservation is Important?

    • 29 % of all bats depend on plants for food
    • 70 % of all bats are predators of insects and crop pests, directly contributing to enhancing crop productivity
    • 1300 species of bats exist in the world
    • 5000 mosquitoes can be consumed in one night by a sm…

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  • 2 Zoonotic Diseases (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Zoonotic Diseases

    UNEP report preventing the Next Pandemic: Zoonotic Diseases and How to Break the Chain of Transmission focused on the environmental side of the zoonotic dimension of disease outbreaks — about 60 % of known infectious diseases in humans and 75 % of all emerging in…

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  • 3 Vaccine Stages (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Vaccine Stages

    • Exploratory stage: Consists of basic laboratory research and identification of antigens, which alert the body to harmful pathogens
    • Pre-clinical stage: Animal testing to see if it stimulates immune system
    • Clinical trial stage: is a three-phase process:
      • Phase I: small gr…

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  • 4 Drugs (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Drugs

    • Remdesivir – by Gilead for Ebola & MERS
    • Dexamethasone – Compassionate use

    Overview

    • Infliximab – autoimmune disease prevents cytokine storm
    • Favilavir – antiviral
    • Convalescent Plasma – Passive treatment
    • Hydroxychloroquine – Malaria (not success)
    • Lopinavir/Ritonavir – antiretroviral (…

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  • Nov 3, 2020
  • 1 Field Beans (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Field Beans

    • Field beans can be a nutritious addition to legumes.
    • Brown seeds of a legume called kadve Val and one with the cream coloured split seeds called dal val.
    • The bean is more popular in Karnataka than in Maharashtra and is called avarekalu. Karnataka cultivates about 90 % of…

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  • 2 Threat to Biodiversity (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Economy, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Apis Dorsata Bee

    • Largest producer of wild honey.
    • An Indian Rock Bee.
    • Dorsata are destroyed in a single day in the Bengaluru between January and June 2020.
    • Dorsata is an important pollinator.
    • The giant honey bee build nests that are exposed in lofty sites.
    • The largest species of the Api…

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  • 3 COVID & Related Facts (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Science/Technology, Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Drug – Reality Check!

    • A brutal fight to corner the successful outcome of research.
    • Use of money power to grab the first rights to promising vaccines and therapies.
    • Drug firms are leading the race for COVID-19 drugs,
    • The vaccine works or not only will the future tell.
    • The hype has help…

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  • 4 Racism & Its Genetics (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Science/Technology, Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Racism & Its Genetics

    HERC2 Genes and OCA2

    • Associated with the light skin, eyes and hair in Europeans.
    • According to Science Journal study report these two genes arose in Africa.
    • Developing skin colour is a biological process.
    • People in Africa have almost every skin colour on the plane…

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  • 5 Tiranga Disease & Viral Diseases in Tomato (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Environment/Ecology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Tiranga Disease & Viral Diseases in Tomato

    • Tiranga disease has stirred up similar panic and helplessness among farmers in Maharashtra.
    • Across Pune, Satara, Ahmednagar and Nashik.
    • Tomatoes turning abnormally yellow, ripening prematurely getting mushy and deformed.
    • Crop loss up to 90 %…

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  • Nov 2, 2020
  • 1 Largest Solar Power Plant of Navy Commissioned [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology ]

    Largest Solar Power Plant of Navy Commissioned

    • A 3 MW Solar Power Plant at Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala has been commissioned.
    • It is in line with Government of India initiative of ‘National Solar Mission.’
    • National Solar Mission aims to achieve 100 GW of solar power by 2022.

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  • 2 Human Genome Project (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Science/Technology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    • An international scientific research project.
    • Successful completion in the year 2003.
    • Sequencing the entire human genome of 3.3 billion base pairs.
    • A genome is an organism՚s complete set of Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) .
      • Includes all of its genes.
      • Each genome contains all of the inf…

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  • 3 Environment Matters (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Unemployment Rate

    • 2.3 times increase in the unemployment rate in the past one year.
    • 75.8 % unemployment rate in Puducherry in April 2020.
    • 47.1 % unemployment rate in Jharkhand in April 2020.

    Climate Change-Seasonal Variations

    • 2019 was the 7th warmest year on record with an annual avg.…

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  • 4 Drug Giants Dismiss WHO Patents Pool (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Science/Technology, Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Drug Giants Dismiss WHO Patents Pool

    • Big Pharma՚s rejection of a patents pool to make the technology accessible.
    • Blunt to the point of being brutal.
    • The Pharma industry is unlikely to back the initiative for pooling intellectual property to fight the pandemic.

    COVID-19 Technology Acc…

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  • 5 Worst Comes to the Worst (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Worst Comes to the Worst

    • Virus is spreading more rapidly with lockdowns being lifted.
    • Focus on India, Africa and South Asia.
    • Most people globally are still susceptible to infection.
    • Community transmission in Delhi.
    • There was a huge exodus of workers in May and in the first week of Jun…

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  • 6 Deadlines (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Deadlines

    • More than 70 % of coal-fired power plants will not meet the environment norms by 2022.
    • Union ministry of environment, forest and climate change (MoEFCC) .
    • Reported b Delhi based non-profit Centre for Science and Environment.
    • About 56 % of the country՚s energy needs are gene…

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  • 7 Dangerous Dilution (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Dangerous Dilution

    • Change of Forest Rights Act in Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Odisha, Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MOTA) will hit forest-dwelling communities hard.
    • One fourth of India՚s tribes live in these three states.
    • These states modified the Scheduled Tribes and other Traditio…

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  • 8 Wildlife be Damned (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Wildlife Be Damned

    • Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
    • A gas well on fire poses an existential threat to Assam՚s Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.
    • Smoke mushroom hangs over Assam՚s Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.
    • Billowing methane and crude oil uncontrollably for the …

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  • Nov 2, 2020
  • 1 Daily Dose of Antibiotics (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    • Injection of antibiotics in livestock.
    • Chances of these antibiotics being passed to humans.
    • Delhi based non-profit Centre for Science and Environment.
    • Farmers should wait after an antibiotic is given to an animal before its milk is sold.
    • Use of only penicillin, gentamicin, streptomyc…

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  • Oct 31, 2020
  • 1 Covid-19 Lockdown & Pollution (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Covid-19 Lockdown & Pollution

    Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad and Bengaluru PM

    Overview

    • Nitrogen dioxide () , which comes primarily from road transport and is linked to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma and hypertension, Bengaluru saw a 55 % drop in NO2 levels…

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  • 2 Covid-19 Biomedical Waste Issues (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Covid-19 Biomedical Waste Issues

    • 500 % increase in biomedical waste generation
    • Dispose in yellow packets (Color code)
    • Test sewage samples
    • In Gurugram, biomedical waste generated due to covid-19 has increased from 500 kg a day in April to 3,000 kg a day in June
    • Households – keep in bag…

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  • 3 Education & Digital Divide (16-31 July 2020) [ Science/Technology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Education & Digital Divide

    • Regional disparity
    • Gender disparity
    • Urban-rural disparity
    • Mobile Devices

    Overview

    • Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on June 29, the country had over 1,160 million wireless subscribers in February 2020, up from 1,010 mill…

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  • 4 Tit Bits (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    • Plastic Waste Issue – Global Dependence & India՚s Changing Policies
    • Verkhoyansk, Siberia to India – Climate Impact

    Plastic Story

    • Prior to the 2018 ban, 95 % of European Union՚s and 70 % of USA՚s plastic waste collected for recycling was sold and shipped to China. The dependence on C…

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  • 5 Cultural Missions in India [ Science/Technology, Health, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    National Mission for Manuscripts (NAMAMI)

    • Autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture, GoI
    • Aims to survey, locate and conserve Indian manuscripts, create national resource base for manuscripts, enhance access, awareness and use for educational purposes
    • Initiated in February 20…

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  • 6 Learn English and Parts of Speech [ Exam Tips, Health ]

    What do you find the most difficult or misunderstand about the eight parts of speech? Explain

    Learning the parts of speech helps us understand how the language functions in a way that we are able to improve your reading and writing skills in no time.

    There are eight parts of speech…

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  • 7 Plague: Infectious Disease [ Economy, Health ]

    • A class of dangerous, life-threatening and infectious disease. Prevailed from medieval times in the 13th century.
    • Mainly caused by:
      • The gram-negative
      • Rod-shaped coccobacillus called Yersinia pestis
    • In the middle ages ( 5th - 15th century) it was also known as the ‘Black Death’ as it …

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  • 8 Yojana 2020: IFLOWS: Flood Warning System [ Science/Technology, Yojana ]

    iFLOWS

    Flood Warning System

    • A state of the art Integrated Flood Warming System.
    • Ministry of Earth Sciences in collaboration with BMC.
    • Will help Mumbai become more resilient?
    • Providing early warnings during high rainfall events and cyclones.
    • Estimate of the flood inundation 3 days in ad…

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  • Oct 28, 2020
  • 1 Yojana 2020: Effective Resource Management [ Education, Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Yojana ]

    Harnessing Skills of Migrants (Bihar)

    • Map skillsets of all incoming migrants.
    • Developing comprehensive district employment plan.
    • Engaging Migrants Labour in Existing Developmental Activities.
    • Bridge training is organized after the migrant՚s skills are mapped.
    • Their services are being …

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  • 2 Yojana 2020: Resilient Health Systems & Digital Initiatives [ Science/Technology, Health, Yojana ]

    • Health system signifies a collective term consisting of various interlinked components.
    • These components include:
      • Health financing and financial protection.
      • Health Service and Quality norms.
      • Trained and skilled Human resources.
      • Health in…

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  • 3 Yojana 2020: Swachh and Smart Cities [ Environment/Ecology, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Yojana ]

    Smart Cities Mission

    • Promotes cities providing core infrastructure.
    • A decent quality of life to its citizens.
    • A clean and sustainable environment.
    • Smart solutions:
      • Information and Communication (ICT) interventions.
      • For e-governance and online govt. services.
      • Impro…

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  • 4 Yojana 2020: JAM Trinity [ Science/Technology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Yojana ]

    Use of JAM Trinity

    • To embrace technology in governance at a mass scale.
    • Promise of easy identification and transfer of govt. benefits and funds.
    • Need for rapid delivery during the pandemic.
    • More than 1 billion Aadhaar numbers have been issued covering more than 99 % of all…

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