AILET (All India Law Entrance Test) 2019 MCQs Questions with Solutions and Explanations at Doorsteptutor. Com Part 10

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Legal Aptitude

Question 71

Directions: Apply the legal principles to the facts given below and select the most appropriate answer.

Legal Principles:

(1) An attempt is an act committed in part execution of a criminal design or intent, more than mere preparation, but failing short of actual commission.

(2) Whoever, by deceiving any person, fraudulently or dishonestly induces the person so deceived to deliver any property to arty person, or to consent that any person shall retain any property, or intentionally induces the person so deceived to do or omit to do anything which he would not do/omit if he were not so deceived, and which act or omission causes or is likely to cause damage or harm to that person in body, mind, reputation or property, is said to cheat.

(3) Preparation is the second stage in the commission of a crime. It means to arrange the necessary measures for the commission of the intended criminal act.

(4) Whoever causes death by doing an act with the intention of causing death, or with the intention of causing such bodily injury as is likely to cause death, or with the knowledge that his act is likely to cause death, commits the offence of murder.

(5) Whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act shall be guilty of negligence.

In which of the following cases. X is guilty of attempting to commit the offence?

A. X, in order to forge a document purporting to be executed by Y, send his servant to buy a stamp paper in the name of Y. As the servant reaches shop, he is arrested.

B. X shoots at Y whose back is towards him. Y is not hurt as he is beyond the range of the gun.

C. X pours half a pint of substance from a bottle marked ‘poison’ into the drink of Y. Y Is not aware of it. Later, it turns out that the bottle did not contain any poison.

D. X administers some noxious substance to Ria so that an abortion results, the woman was not pregnant.

Question 72

Directions: Apply the legal principles to the facts given below and select the most appropriate answer.

Legal Principles:

(1) An attempt is an act committed in part execution of a criminal design or intent, more than mere preparation, but failing short of actual commission.

(2) Whoever, by deceiving any person, fraudulently or dishonestly induces the person so deceived to deliver any property to arty person, or to consent that any person shall retain any property, or intentionally induces the person so deceived to do or omit to do anything which he would not do/omit if he were not so deceived, and which act or omission causes or is likely to cause damage or harm to that person in body, mind, reputation or property, is said to cheat.

(3) Preparation is the second stage in the commission of a crime. It means to arrange the necessary measures for the commission of the intended criminal act.

(4) Whoever causes death by doing an act with the intention of causing death, or with the intention of causing such bodily injury as is likely to cause death, or with the knowledge that his act is likely to cause death, commits the offence of murder.

(5) Whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act shall be guilty of negligence.

Facts: Amar applied for the post of P G. Teacher in a government school and submitted his application along with his degrees. He was called for the interview on 10 June 2018. But the school authorities on 10 May 2018 discovered that the copy of the degrees attached with Amar՚s application are forged and so the interview was cancelled.

Is any offence committed by Amar?

A. Amar is guilty of cheating.

B. Amar is guilty of preparation to cheat.

C. Amar is guilty of attempt to cheat.

D. Amar is not guilty of any offence as he is not called for the interview.

Question 73

Directions: Apply the legal principles to the facts given below and select the most appropriate answer.

Legal Principles:

(1) An attempt is an act committed in part execution of a criminal design or intent, more than mere preparation, but failing short of actual commission.

(2) Whoever, by deceiving any person, fraudulently or dishonestly induces the person so deceived to deliver any property to arty person, or to consent that any person shall retain any property, or intentionally induces the person so deceived to do or omit to do anything which he would not do/omit if he were not so deceived, and which act or omission causes or is likely to cause damage or harm to that person in body, mind, reputation or property, is said to cheat.

(3) Preparation is the second stage in the commission of a crime. It means to arrange the necessary measures for the commission of the intended criminal act.

(4) Whoever causes death by doing an act with the intention of causing death, or with the intention of causing such bodily injury as is likely to cause death, or with the knowledge that his act is likely to cause death, commits the offence of murder.

(5) Whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act shall be guilty of negligence.

Facts: X tries to pickpocket Z. Z has a loaded pistol in his pocket. X՚s hand touches the pistol and triggers it, resulting in the death of Z.

Which of the following offence is committed by X?

A. X Is guilty of causing Z՚s murder.

B. X is guilty of culpable homicide by negligence.

C. X is guilty of causing grievous hurt.

D. X is guilty of pickpocketing.

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