Mountains Ranges of Asia Geography YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Mountains

Mountains Ranges of Asia: Pontic, Tauras, Elburz, Himalayas, Kunlun, Hindukush, Zagros|Geography

  • Mountain: Summit is smaller to the base.
  • Britain – elevation more than 600 m (2000ft)
  • Even 300 m (1000ft) is considered good as it rises abruptly
  • Hill is smaller
  • Temperature drops at a rate of approximately per 100 m, and rainfall is often heaviest where moisture-laden winds are forced to rise (over 1500 m in the tropics) . Vertical ZONATION of plants and animals is most clearly illustrated where mountains rise from tropical forest to tundra environment
  • More than 1 mountain is mountain range - Sierra Nevada, or Cascade Range
  • More than 1 mountain range is mountain chain
  • Mountain range is a long and narrow strip of mountains and hills, which are of same geological age, but structural variations may be there. In case of Mountain chain, it is also a consisting of several hills and mountains (may be in a linear manner or in a group) but all hills belonging to different age. Mountain system is set of mountain ranges (say two ranges in parallel like an equality sign =) separated by valleys.
  • In mountain range, time of origin is same.
  • Northern Mountain system in Indian physiography, which is in the form of Greater Himalayas, Middle Himalayas, and Lesser Himalayas.
  • Karakoram Range, Ladakh Range, and Zanskar Range.
  • A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have arisen from the same cause, usually an orogeny
  • Group of mountain ranges are cordilleras
  • A cordillera is an extensive chain of mountains or mountain ranges. The term is borrowed from a Spanish word with the same meaning that itself comes from cordilla, a diminutive of “cuerda” ( “rope” ) .

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