Biology Syllabus for BITSAT 2019

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1: Diversity in Living World

  1. 1 Biology-its meaning and relevance to mankind

    1. 2 What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids; Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature.

      1. 3 Introductory classification of living organisms (Two-kingdom system, Five-kingdom system)

        1. 4 Plant kingdom-Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms)

          1. 5 Animal kingdom-Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level. 2: Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function

          2. 1 Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus and Dictyosome, Lysosomes, Vacuoles) Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centrosome and XXIII Centriole; Nucleus; Microbodies.

        2. 2 Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells.

      2. 3 Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis.

    2. 4 Biomolecules-Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids.

  2. 5 Enzymes-Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action. 3: Genetics and Evolution

  3. 1 Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Co-dominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles

  4. 2 Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans.

  5. 3 DNA-its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation

  6. 4 Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting.

  7. 5 Theories and evidences of evolution, including modern Darwinism. 4: Structure and Function-Plants

  8. 1 Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root, stem (including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and arrangement of different whorls, placentation), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth

  9. 2 Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal movement.

  10. 3 Mineral nutrition-Macro-and micro-nutrients in plants including deficiency disorders; Biological nitrogen fixation mechanism.

  11. 4 Photosynthesis-Light reaction, cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; various pathways of carbon dioxide fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors.

  12. 5 Respiration-Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycolysis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system; Energy relations. 5: Structure and Function-Animals

  13. 1 Human Physiology-Digestive system-organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system-organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases.

  14. 2 Body fluids and circulation-Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases.

  15. 3 Excretion system-Urine formation, regulation of kidney function

  16. 4 Locomotion and movement-Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement.

  17. 5 Control and co-ordination-Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron, reflex action and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action. 6: Reproduction, Growth and Movement in Plants

  18. 1 Asexual methods of reproduction

  19. 2 Sexual Reproduction-Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents); Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and elminth).

  20. 3 Growth and Movement-Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement; XXIV

  21. 4 Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission; Photo-periodism; Vernalisation

  22. 5 Various types of movements. 7: Reproduction and Development in Humans

  23. 1 Male and female reproductive systems

  24. 2 Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation

  25. 3 Embryo development

  26. 4 Pregnancy and parturition

  27. 5 Birth control and contraception. 8: Ecology and Environment

  28. 1 Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat and niche.

  29. 2 Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem-Biotic and abiotic components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web

  30. 3 Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agroecosystem.

  31. 4 Ecological adaptations-Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats.

  32. 5 Biodiversity and Environmental Issues-Meaning, types and conservation strategies (Biosphere reserves, National parks and Sanctuaries), Air and Water Pollution (sources and major pollutants); Global warming and Climate change; Ozone depletion; Noise pollution; Radioactive pollution; Methods of pollution control (including an idea of bioremediation); Deforestation; Extinction of species (Hot Spots). 9: Biology and Human Welfare

  33. 1 Animal husbandry-Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans and elminthes, and their control.

  34. 2 Cancer; AIDS.

  35. 3 Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse

  36. 4 Basic concepts of immunology.

  37. 5 Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement. 10: Biotechnology and its Applications

  38. 1 Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology

  39. 2 Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics), sewage treatment and energy generation.

  40. 3 Steps in recombinant DNA technology-restriction enzymes, NA insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants

  41. 4 Applications of R-DNA technology in human health-Production of Insulin, Vaccines and Growth hormones, Organ transplant, Gene therapy.

  42. 5 Applications in Industry and Agriculture-Production of expensive enzymes, strain improvement to

scale up bioprocesses, GM crops by transfer of genes for nitrogen fixation, herbicide-resistance and

pest-resistance including Bt crops.

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