Australian Literature: Prominent Themes of Australian Literature

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Australian literature

Australian Literature

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What is Australian Literature?

Australian literature is a literary piece of writing in oral or written form produced in Australia

Australian Literature

Australian Literature

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  • The Aboriginals did not have any written Literature

  • Literary writings began with European Settlers in 1788.

Prominent Themes of Australian Literature

  • Landscape and Environment

  • Australian Culture

  • Identity of settlers

  • Isolation and estrangement

  • Migration experience

Genres of Australian Literature

Four major genres of Australian literature are

  • The ripping yarn

  • Bush poetry

  • Twentieth Century Australian works

  • Indigenous Australian literature

The Ripping Yarn

  • Australia’s oldest literary convention Tales of adventures and struggles of the settlers in an unfamiliar land

  • Stories about natural disaster there struggle to survive against all odds

  • This literature helped the European to gain knowledge about the newly found land of Australia

Bush Poetry

  • Most famous of Australian literature

  • The songs tell personal stories of life in the wide-open country of Australia.

  • Typical subjects include mining, raising and droving cattle, wanderings, war stories, class conflicts between the landless working class and the landowners.

Key Poets of Bush Poetry

  • “Freedom on the Wallaby” by Henry Lawson

  • “The Sick Stockrider” by Adam Lindsay Gordon

  • “Waltzing Matilda” by Banjo Paterson

Twentieth Century Australian Works

New developments, new themes emerged during this time like multiculturalism, feminism, and so on

Predominant writers include

  • A. D. Hope,

  • Judith Wright,

  • David Malouf

  • Patrick White

  • Kenneth Slessor,

  • Les Murray

Indigenous Australian Literature

  • Indigenous Australian literature is the fiction, plays, poems, essays and other works authored by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia.

  • Noticed recently in 1960s

  • Expression of culture, struggles

Major Authors

  • Jack Davis

  • Kim Scott

  • Kate Howarth

  • Kevin Gilbert