Landmarks, Architectures, Monuments, Buildings, Towns and Places

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Landmarks

Architectures, Monuments, Buildings, Towns and Places

  • Abu, Mt.: (Rajasthan) hill station on the Aravalli Range; sacred centre of Jain worshippers, Dilwara temples.

  • Abu Symbol: (Egypt) famous ancient temple cut-out of rock by Ramses II.

  • Adam’s Bridge: Very nearly joined to India between Manner Peninsula and Danushkodi by a line of sand banks and rocks called ‘Adam’s Bridge’.

  • Aga Khan Palace: In Pune where Mahatma Gandhi was kept interned with his wife Kasturba Gandhi. Kasturba died in this palace.

  • Ajanta Caves: Located near Aurangabad, famous for wonderful Buddhist cave temples richly ornamented with sculpture and carved with paintings.

  • Ajmer: (Rajasthan) Pilgrim centre for Muslims; tomb of Khwaja Muin-ud-din chisti.

  • Alexandria: City and sea-port of Egypt founded by Alexander the Great.

  • Allahabad: (Prayag) is a city in Uttar Pradesh situated at the confluence of the Ganga and the Jamuna. Kumbha Mela (religious fair of the Hindus) is held here once in every 12 years.

  • Amaranth: Situated at a height of about 4054 metres in Kashmir. It is a place of pilgrimage for the Hindus.

  • Amber Palace: Deserted capital near Jaipur (Rajasthan) containing the finest specimens of Raj put architecture.

  • Amritsar: (Punjab) on the north-west border or India; Golden Temple; Jallianwala Bagh tragedy on April 13, 1919.

  • Angkor Vat: A ruined city in Cambodia where beautiful specimens of ancient Indian art and culture are found.

  • Athens: The International Olympic Committee (IOC) on September 5, 1997, awarded the 2004 Summer Olympics to Athens, the Greek capital which was the birth place of the Games. Athens hosted the first modern Olympics in 1896 but lost out to Atlanta in 1996 Centennial Games.

  • Aurangabad: One of the important towns of Maharashtra State; tomb of Emperor Aurangzeb and of his wife. Ellora and Ajanta Caves are reached from here.

  • Auroville: It is an international township constructed in Pondicherry with the help of UNESCO.

  • Avadi: Near Chennai in Tamil Nadu. Government owned Heavy vehicles factory. ‘Vijay anta’ and ‘Ajit’ tanks are manufactured here.

  • Badrinath: Himalayas; Place of pilgrimage for the Hindus near Gangortri Glacier.

  • Baroda: Capital of the former Baroda State is known for Laxmi Vilas Palace which is one of the most beautiful palaces in India.

  • Belur Math: It is monastery near Calcutta in West Bengal founded by Swami Vivekananda. A beautiful temple dedicated to Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.

  • Bethlehem: Palestine; about 9 km South of Jerusalem; birth-place of Jesus and Kind David; Church of Nativity.

  • Buckingham Palace: In London; residence of the Royal family of England.

  • Buddha-Gaya: It is situated 10 km south of Gaya in Bihar State on the river bank of Lilajan and famous as the place where Buddha got enlightenment. There are modern monasteries, rest houses and museum.

  • Calcutta: West Bengal Government re-christened Calcutta as Kolkata with effect from January 1, 2001. Siliguri has been renamed as Shilliguri.

  • Cape Comorin: also called Kanya Kumari in Tamil Nadu, where Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal meet the Indian Ocean. It gives a beautiful view of sun-set and sun-rise.

  • Chennai: Capital of Tamil Nadu is the third largest city in India. Known for Fort St. George, Light House, St. Thomas Mount, Integral Coach Factory, Adyar (the headquarters of the Theosophical Society).

  • Chidambaram: Famous for its great Hindu Siva temple, dedicated to Nat raja or Siva in his aspect of ‘Cosmic dance’. Annamalai University is located here.

  • Chittorgarh: Ancient capital and fortress of Udaipur; known for Tower of Victory and Mira bai Temple.

  • Dakshineswar: 8 Kms from Calcutta where Vivekananda was initiated into religious life by Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.

  • Dandi: famous for Salt Satyagraha (Dandi March) by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930.

  • Digboi: (Assam) is known for rich oil-fields.

  • Dilwara Temples: Near Mount Abu (Rajasthan) are five Hindu Temples constructed here between 11th and 13th century A.D.

  • Downing Street: No.10 Downing Street is the official residence of the Prime Minister of England in London.

  • Durand Line: the line demarcating the limits of neutral territory between Pakistan and Afghanistan.

  • Eagle’s Nest: Name given to the historic fort at Raigarh in Kolaba district of Maharashtra where 300 years ago, Chatrapati Shivaji, the great warrior-statesman, was crowned.

  • Eiffel Tower: In Paris (France) 300 m high and built at a cost of 200,000 pounds. It is now being used as a Meteorological Wireless Station.

  • Elephanta: an Island in Mumbai harbour - famous for rock-cut temples.

  • Ellora and Ajanta: famous for wonderful Buddhist cave temples richly ornamented with sculpture and carved with paintings.

  • Empire State Building: (U.S.A.) is one of the loftiest buildings in the world; height about 365 metres; it has 102 stores.

  • Ernakulum: in Kerala State is famous for its backwaters.

  • Fatehpur Sikri: 32 km from Agra; city built by Emperor Akbar in 1569, now deserted.

  • Fleet Street: A Street in London running from Temple Far East wards to Legate Circus. The area (with adjoining streets) houses the offices, and printing establishments of many of the leading British newspapers and press agencies.

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