Landmarks Architectures, Monuments, Buildings, Towns and Places

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for IAS : Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 115K)

Landmarks

Architectures, Monuments, Buildings, Towns and Places

  • Gateway of India: in Mumbai harbour erected in 1911 on George V’s visit to India.

  • Gaya: (Bihar) the place where Lord Buddha got enlightenment; famous for pilgrimage.

  • Gibraltar: British fortress and naval base on west end of the Mediterranean (extreme south of Spain) key to the Mediterranean.

  • Golden Temple: in Amritsar (Punjab), sacred to the Sikhs.

  • Gol Gumbaz: largest Dome in Bijapur (Karnataka).

  • Gomateshwara : (Karnataka) famous for the 2000 year old statue of Jain Sage carved out of a single stone.

  • Great Wall of China: 2400 km long wall; its construction was started by Chinese King Emperor Shih Hwang.

  • Gwalior: in Madhya Pradesh famous for its Fort, Tansen’s Tomb, Rani Laxmi Bai’s Chhatri.

  • Hague, The: (The Netherlands) Seat of International Court of Justice; Art galleries.

  • Hampi: site ruins of Vijayanagar - ancient capital of Vijayanagar Empire. It is in Karnataka.

  • Hanging Gardens of Babylon: one of the Seven Wonders of the World; planted near the Euphrates in 603 B.C.

  • Hiroshima: in Central Honshu (Japan) close to the ‘Island of Light’ with the famous Shinto temples; first city destroyed by atom bomb in the Second World War.

  • Howrah Bridge: a cantilever span bridge constructed over the river Hooghly connecting Howrah Railway Station with Kolkata.

  • Hyderabad-Secunderabad: Twin city-capital of Andhra Pradesh. It stands on the river Musi, known for Charminar, Osmania University, and Salarjung Museum - one of the richest and most varied collections in Asia.

  • India Gate: A memorial in New Delhi facing the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

  • Jaipur: capital of Rajasthan is famous for pottery, brassware, sculpture, ivory and sandalwood work and jewellery. Famous for Maharaja’s palace; Jai Singh’s observatory. Amber (ancient capital) Hawa Mahal.

  • Jallianwala Bagh: a garden in Amritsar; scene of massacre of innocent Indians by the British on 13th April 1919.

  • Jama Masjid: (Delhi) built by Shah Jehan, India’s biggest mosque.

  • Jamshedpur: (Bihar) centre of iron and steel industry; Tata Iron and Steel Factory is located here.

  • Jantar Mantar: in Delhi, is an Observatory constructed in 1724 during the days of Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber.

  • Jerusalem: ancient city and capital of Palestine known as ‘Holy City’. Christ was crucified here.

  • Jog Falls: also called Gersoppa Falls in Karnataka are one of the highest waterfalls in the world. These falls are formed by the river Saraswati which takes a big leap down a steep rock from a height of 253 metres.

  • Jama Masjid, Mandu: is in Madhya Pradesh; it depicts a synthesis of Hindu and Muslim styles in architecture.

  • Kailas Temple: rock-cut temple in Ellora caves.

  • Kalpakkam: near Chennai in Tamil Nadu is known for Chennai Atomic Power Project (MAPP).

  • Kanchi or Kanchipuram: Near Chennai was the ancient capital of ancient Pallavas; famous for ancient temples.

  • Kandahar: This is a town in Afghanistan where Pakistan backed 5 terrorists and forced the hijacked Indian Airlines plane IC 814 with 155 passengers and crew aboard to land at Kandahar Airport on December 25, 1999, keeping them hostage for seven days.

  • Kanya Kumari : in Tamil Nadu, famous temple (the Virgin Goddess) situated at Cape Comorin on the extreme southern tip of India where the Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean meet; a picturesque spot. Vivekananda Rock Memorial Buddha.

  • Kapilavastu: small kingdom in the north of India; associated with Mahatma Buddha.

  • Kaziranga: is a Game Sanctuary in Assam. It is the centre of the great Indian one-horned rhinos.

  • Khajuraho: in Madhya Pradesh famous for the group of highly ornate medieval Hindu temples.

  • Kodaikanal: is a town in Tamil Nadu famous for its Observatory for the study of Solar Physics.

  • Konarak: small town 16 km north of Puri (Orissa) famous for its Black Pagodas; Sun Temple.

  • Kovalam: is a sea-beach about 16 km from Trivandrum in Kerala. Developed as a Tourist Resort by India Tourism Corporation.

  • Kremlin: Large fortified citadel in Moscow, now the headquarters of Russia. The Kremlin originally built in 1156 by Yuri, (George) Dolgoruki, and price of Suzdal became the centre around which Moscow has grown.

  • Qutub Minar: in Delhi (88.4 m high) is one of the master - pieces of Indian architecture and art. It is the biggest minaret in the world. Completed by Alta mash in 1232 A.D.

  • Leaning Tower: (Pisa, Italy) 55 metres high.

  • Lumbini: birth place of Buddha. It is in Nepal. The Nepalese Government have plans to develop the place with the U.N. assistance as an International Tourist Resort.

  • Madurai: in Tamil Nadu, famous for Meenakshi Temple, dedicated to Lord Siva.

  • Mahabalipuram: in Tamil Nadu on the Eastern Ghats, famous for temples and monumental architectures. An atomic power station is being set up near here at Kalpakkam.

  • Mathura: a holy city in Uttar Pradesh; Birth-place of Lord Krishna, Hindu temples; oil refinery.

  • Mecca: the holiest city of the Mohammedan world in Arabia, where the Prophet was born. It stands in the desert. It is a place of pilgrimage and Muslims from all parts of the world visit the place it for Hajj in every year.

  • Mount Blanc: highest mountain peak in Europe. It is in the Alps on the confines of Italy and France, longest road tunnel in the world.

  • Munich: (West Germany) scene of Munich pact; art galleries; The 20th Olympic Games (1972) were held here.

Developed by: