Landmarks Architectures, Monuments, Buildings, Towns and Places

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Landmarks

Architectures, Monuments, Buildings, Towns and Places

  • Nilgiris: mountain range in Tamil Nadu, tea plantations.

  • Panna: in M.P. Panna district is known for diamond mines. Panna town has several buildings of historical interest including Shri Baldeoji temple.

  • Pearl Harbour: in Hawaii Island (USA) Naval Base; scene of Japanese attack in World War II.

  • Pentagon: in Washington. It houses many Government offices of the War Department of the USA.

  • Petronas Twin Towers: Located in Kuala Lumpur with 88 storeys high, these are the tallest buildings in the World.

  • Philadelphia: (USA) place where Americans framed their Constitution and declared their Independence son 4th July, 1776.

  • Plessey: a village on the Ganges (West Bengal) Battle of Plessey was fought here in 1757 in which Clive defeated Siraj-ud-Daulah and laid the foundation of British Rule in India.

  • Pokhran: The Nuclear test site in Rajasthan, 600 kms from Jaipur. The first nuclear test was conducted on May 18, 1974 and five more on May 11 and 13 1998.

  • Pondicherry: formerly a French possession, since taken by the India Government and now specified as a Union Territory. Aurobindo Ashram is established here. ‘Auroville’, an international township in memory of Sri Aurobindo has been built here.

  • Pyramids of Egypt: are vast stone or brick-built structures on west bank of the Nile. They date back to about 300 B.C. The largest is called the Great Pyramid which is 146 metres high and is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Three lakh men were employed for 20 years to build it. These Pyramids have inner chambers and subterranean entrances built by pharaohs as oval tombs.

  • Raj Ghats: On the bank of Jamuna in Delhi, Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi.

  • Rashtrapati Bhavan: official residence of the President of India in New Delhi; known as Viceragal Lodge during British reign.

  • Red Fort: Red-stone Fort built by Shah Jehan in Delhi near the Jamuna.

  • Red Square: It is a famous open space in Moscow linked with the Kremlin by three gates used for political demonstrations and processions. Lenin’s mausoleum is in the Red Square.

  • Rome: capital of Italy; on the River Tiber; one of the most famous cities of the world also known as Eternal City.

  • Sabarmati: in Gujarat State near Ahmadabad; Harijan Ashram founded by Mahatma Gandhi.

  • Sarnath: situated 8 km outside Varanasi. Sarnath is the famous place of Buddhist pilgrimage in India. In the ‘Deer Park’ of Sarnath, Gautama Buddha preached his First Semon. Also located here is the famous Asoka Pillar of polished sand-stone whose lion capital was adopted by the new Republic of India as the State Emblem.

  • Scotland Yard: the Metropolitan Police Headquarters in London from which the force is administered CID headquarters.

  • Seringapatnam: Seringapatnam was the capital of Karnataka during the rule of Tipu Sultan. The fourth and the last Mysore war were fought here. Tipu Sultan died here fighting bravely against the British forces.

  • Sriharikota: in the Nellore district on the Andhra coast is India’s Satellite Launching Centre. The Sriharikota Range (SHAR) comprises the Sriharikota Launch Complex, Rocket Shed Facility, Static Test and Evaluation Complex, Solid Propellant Space Booster Plant and Sriharikota Common Facilities.

  • Suez Canal: Ship canal (Egypt) it connects the Mediterranean (Port Said) with the Red Sea (Suez).

  • Sunder bands: is a tract of forests and swamps - 264 km long and 129 km wide fringing the delta of the Ganges.

  • Taj Mahal: the white marble mausoleum built at Agra by Shah Jehan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.

  • Tanjore: (Tamil Nadu) famous for museum, temples and library. Brihadeeswara temple.

  • Taxila: in West Pakistan; site of excavation, old seat of Buddhist culture and famous for ancient Taxila University.

  • Tel Aviv: magnificent city in Palestine built by the Jews; capital of Israel.

  • Thumba: near Trivandrum in Kerala State is known as rocket launching station.

  • Tirupati: in Andhra State about 160 km to the north- west of Chennai is one of the holiest places in South India. This hill temple of Sri Venkateshwara is an example of early Dravidian architecture and is one of the finest in the south.

  • Trafalgar: Cape Trafalgar is famous for the naval battle fought between the British led by Admiral Nelson and an allied naval force of France and Spain in 1805. Admiral Nelson won the battle though he was himself killed in action.

  • Triveni: in Allahabad (UP) Confluence of the Ganges, the Jamuna and the mythical Saraswati; a place of pilgrimage for the Hindus.

  • Varanasi: or Banaras is a town in UP very sacred to the Hindus. It is known as the religious capital of Hindu India. Famous for Banaras Hindu University, Vishwanath Temple, Manmandir with Jaisingh’s Observatory, Ramnagar Fort etc.,

  • Vatican: the Papal State of Italy; an independent territory; the palace of Pope in Rome. It includes the Church of St. Peter.

  • Victoria Falls: on the River Zambezi, Zambia-Central Africa. These falls, the greatest in the world are 1700 metres wide.

  • Victoria Memorial: a magnificent building in Calcutta having an art gallery and a well-laid out garden attached to it.

  • Vijay Ghat: On the banks of the Yamuna in Delhi is Samadhi of Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, former Prime Minister of India.

  • Visakhapatnam: big harbour on the eastern coast of India; ship building yard.

  • Vishwa Shanti Stupa: (World Peace Pagoda) 45 m high stupa raised a top, the picturesque Ratnagiri hill; it is the first stupa of its kind in India.

  • Vivekananda Rock: is situated near Kanyakumari at the southern tip of India’s coastline. It has been so named in memory of Swami Vivekananda.

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