Multipurpose River-Projects, Beas Project, Bhadra Reservoir Project, Bhakra-Nangal Project (Himachal Pradesh)

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Multipurpose River-Projects

Beas Project

It is a joint venture of the government of Punjab; Haryana and Rajasthan. It consists of two units: (i) Beas - Sutlej link and (ii) Beas Dam at Pong.

Beas-Sutlej Link

  • The Project links the Beas and the Sutlej rivers in Punjab through 38.4 km of hill and valleys.

  • The project is shared by Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan which will benefit from its irrigation and power potential. The biggest beneficiary will be Haryana.

Bhadra Reservoir Project

Is across the river Bhadra in Karnataka.

Bhakra - Nangal Project (Himachal Pradesh)

It is the largest multipurpose project in India and the highest straight-gravity dam in the world (225.5 m high) not the river Sutlej.

Chambal Project

  • Is a joint undertaking by the Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh governments? The Rana Pratap Dam at Bhata, 488 km from Kotah, was inaugurated on Fed 9, 1970.

  • The project comprises construction of two other dams: Gandhi Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh and Jawahar Sagar (Kotah) Dam in Rajasthan.

Chamera Hydro-Electric Project

The 540 MW Chamera Hydroelectric project on the river in Himachal Pradesh was implemented with Canadian credit offer about Rs. 335 crore.

Chukha Project

  • The 336 MW project is the most prestigious and largest in Bhutan. It has been completely built by India.

  • The dam has been constructed on Wang Chu River. The project coasted Rs.244 crore.

Damodar Valley Project (West Bengal and Bihar)

  • Principal object of this multipurpose scheme is to control the flowing of the Damodar which is notorious for its vagaries and destructiveness.

  • It is designed on the lines of the Tennessee Valley Authority (T.V.A.) in U.S.A.

Dul-Hasti Hydro-Electric Project

  • The 1263 crore project has been built on river Chenab in Jammu and Kashmir. The foundation of the project was laid in September 1984.

  • The project consists of a power plant of 390 MW capacities. The power house will be located underground.

Farakka Barrage

  • The basic aim of the Farakka Barrage is to preserve and maintain Calcutta port and to improve the navigability of the Hooghly River. It consists of a barrage across the Ganga at Farakka.

  • Another barrage at Jangipur across the Bhagirathi, a 39-km long feeder canal taking off from the right bank of the Ganga at Farakka and tailing into the Bhagirathi below the Jangipur barrage and a road-cum-rail bridge have already been completed.

  • Especially, the object of Farakka is to use about 40,000 cusecs of water out of the water stored in the dam to flush the Calcutta port which is getting silted up.

Gandak Project (Bihar and Up)

  • This is a joint venture of India and Nepal as per agreement signed between the two governments on Dec. 4, 1959.

  • Bihar and UP are the participating Indian States. Nepal would also derive irrigation and power benefits from this project.

Hirakud Project (Orissa)

Is the first of a chain of three Dams planned for harvesting the Mahanadi.

Idukki Hydro-Electric Project

  • It is a giant hydro-electric project of Kerala and one of the biggest in the country constructed with Canadian assistance with an installed capacity of 390 MW in the first stage and 780 MW on the second stage.

  • The project envisages to harness Periyar water and it has three major dams, the 160 m high Idukki arch dam across Periyar river, 138 m high Cheruthoni Dam across the tributary of Cheruthoni river and 99.9 m high Kulmavu Dam.

Jayakwadi Dam (Maharashtra)

The 10-km long Jayakwadi dam on the Godavari is Maharashtra’s largest power project located near Paithan.

Kakarapara Project

Is on the river Tapti near Kakarapara, 80 km upstream of Surat. The project is financed by the Gujarat government.

Koel Karo Project

The project envisages construction of eastern dam across river south Koel at Basia in Bihar and another dam over north Karo at Lohajimi. The capacity will be 710 MW.

Kol Project

  • The 600 MW project is to be located on the Sutlej, 6 km upstream of the Dehar House on the Beas- Sutlej link project in Mandi districts, Himachal Pradesh.

  • Beas generating power, the dam will also serve as a check dam for the 1,050-MW Bhara Dam to prolong its life by at least 10 years.

Kosi Project (Bihar)

This project will serve Bihar and Nepal. The Kosi rises in Nepal, passes through Bihar and it joins the Ganges. The river is subject to heavy flood. Two are to be built across it.

Nagarjuna Sagar Project

Is a venture of Andhra Pradesh for utilising water from the Krishna River? The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam was inaugurated on Aug. 4, 1967. It is situated near Nadikonad village in Mriyalguda taluk of Nalgonda district.

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