National Water Policy (NWP), 2002, Union Ministry of Water

Doorsteptutor material for IAS is prepared by world's top subject experts: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 99K)

<Get details>

The Union Ministry of Water Resources has undertaken a review and revision of the National Water Policy (NWP), 2002. Some points regarding to that are mentioned below as the recommendations given in an editorial of The Hindu:

  • There is a gross mismanagement of water in India as evidenced below:

    • Intermittent and unreliable water supply in urban areas

    • Rivers turned into sewers or poison

    • Water related conflicts between uses, sectors, areas and states

    • Irrigation system in disarray

    • Depletion of aquifers in many parts of the country

    • Inefficiency and waste in every kind of water use

    • Environmental impacts of big water-resource projects

  • Hence there is need for a radical reform of water policy

  • Need to adopt a stringent restraint on the growth of demand for water

  • On the supply side the primacy will have to shift from large, centralized, capital-intensive ‘water resource development’ (WRD) projects with big dams and reservoirs and canal systems, to small, decentralised, local, community-led, water-harvesting and watershed-development programmes, with the big projects being regarded as projects of the last resort.

  • Multiple perspectives on water

    • Rights perspective

    • Social justice/equity perspective

    • Women’s perspective

    • Community perspective

    • State perspective

    • Engineering perspective

    • Citizen/water-user perspective

    • Environmental perspective etc

Developed by: