Important Events Indus Valley Civilisation in Indian History

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BC

  • 3000-1500 Indus Valley Civilisation 576 Birth of Gautam Buddha

  • 527 Birth of Mahavir

  • 327-326 Alexander’s invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe.

  • 313 Accession of Chandragupta Maurya according to Jain traditions

  • 305 Defeat of Seleucus at the hands of Chandragupta Maurya

  • 273-232 Ashoka’s reign 261 Conquest of Kalinga

  • 145-101 Region of Elara, the Chola King of Sri Lanka 58 Beginning of Vikrami era

  • 78 Beginning of Saka era 120 Accession of Kanishka

  • 320 Commencement of Gupta era. the golden age of Hindu India 380 Accession of Vikramaditya

  • 405-411 Visit of Chinese traveller Fa-hien 415 Accession of Kumara Gupta I

  • 455 Accession of Skando Gupta 606-647 Harshavardhan’s reign 712 First invasion in Sind by Arabs

  • 836 Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj 985 Accession of Rajaraja, the Chola ruler 998 Accession of Sultan Mahmud

  • 1001 First invasion of India by Mahmud Chazni who defeated jaipal, ruler of Punjab

  • 1025 Destruction of Somnath Temple by Mahmud Ghzni 1191 First Battle of Tarain

  • 1192 Second Battle of Tarain

  • 1206 Accession of Qutab-ud-din Aibak to the throne of Delhi 1210 Death of Qutub-ud-din Aibak

  • 1221 Changes Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion) 1236 Accession of Razia Sultan to the throne of Delhi 1240 Razia Sultan dies

  • 1296 Accession of Ala–ud-din Khilji 1316 Ala-ud-din Khilji dies

  • 1325 Accession of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq

  • 1327 Shifting of Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad to Deccan by the Tughlaqs 1336 Foundation of Vijayanagar empire in the South

  • 1351 Accession of Feroze Shah

  • 1398 Invasion of India by Timur Lang 1469 Birth of Gurunanak

  • 1494 Accession of Babar in Farghana

  • 1497-98 First voyage of Vasco da Gama to India( discovery of sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope

  • 1526 First Battle of Panipat, Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi; Foundation of Mughal rule by Babar

  • 1527 Battle of Khanya’Babar defeated Rana Sanga 1530 Death of Babar and accession of Humayun

  • 1539 Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayan and became India’s emperor 1540 Battle of Kannauj

  • 1555 Humayan recaptured the throne of Delhi 1556 Second Battle of Panipat

  • 1565 Battle of Talikota

  • 1576 Battle of Haldighati; Rana Pratap defeated by Akbar 1582 Din-e-Illahi founded by Akbar

  • 1597 Death of Rana Pratap

  • 1600 East India Company established

  • 1605 Death of Akbar and accession of Jehangir 1606 Execution of Guru Arjun Dev

  • 1611 Jehangir marries Nur jahan. 1616 Sir Thomas Roe visits Jehangir

  • 1627 Birth of Shivaji and death of Jehangir 1628 Shahjahan becomes emperor of India 1631 Death of Mumtaj Mahal

  • 1634 The British permitted to trade in India in Bengal 1659 Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned 1665 Shivaji imprisoned by Aurangzeb

  • 1666 Death of Shahjahan

  • 1675 Execution of Teg Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs 1680 Death of Shivaji

  • 1707 Death of Aurangzeb

  • 1708 Death of Guru Gobind Singh 1739 Nadir Shah invades India

  • 1757 Battle of Plassey, establishment of Britishn political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive.

  • 1761 Third Battle of Panipat; Shah Alam II becomes India’s emperor 1764 Battle of Buxar

  • 1765 Clive appointed Company’s Governor in India 1767-69 First Mysore war

  • 1770 The great Bangal Famine 1780 Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh 1780-84 Second Mysore War

  • 1784 Pitt’s Omdoa Act 1790-92 Third Mysore War

  • 1793 The Permanent Settlement of Bengal 1799 Fourth Mysore War- Death of Tipu Sultan 1802 Treaty of Bassein

  • 1809 Treaty of Amritsar

  • 1829 Practice of Sati Prohibited

  • 1830 Raja-Ram Mohun Roy, founder of Brahmo Samaj, visits England. 1833 Death of Raja Ram Mohun Roy.

  • 1839 Death of Maharaj Ranjit Singh 1839-42 First Afghan War

  • 1845-46 First Anglo-Sikh War 1852 Second Anglo-Burmese War

  • 1853 First Railway line opened between Bombay and Thane and a Telegraph line in Calcutta

  • 1857 The Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence 1861 Birth of Rabindranath Tagore

  • 1869 Birth of Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1885 Foundation of Indian National Congress 1889 Birth of Jawaharlal Nehru

  • 1897 Birth of Subhash Chandra Bose 1904 Tibet Expedition

  • 1905 First partition of Bengal under Lord Curzon 1906 Foundation of Muslim League

  • 1911 Delhi Darbar; King and Queen visit India; Delhi becomes the capital of India

  • 1916 World War 1 begins

  • 1916 Lucknow Pact signed by Muslim League and Congress 1918 World War 1 ends

  • 1919 Montague-Chelmsfor Reforms introduced, Jallianwala Bagh massacre at Amritsar

  • 1920 Khilafar Movement launched

  • 1927 Boycott of Simon Commission, broadcasting started in India 1928 Death of lal Lajpat Rai ( Sher-e-Punjab)

  • 1929 Lord Orwaom’s Pact, resolution of complete independence passed at Lahore Congress

  • 1930 Civil Disobedience Movement launched; Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi(April 6, 1970 )

  • 1931 Gandhi-Irwin Pact

  • 1935 Government of India Act enacted

  • 1937 Provincial Autonomy, Congress forms ministers 1939 World War II begins (September i )

  • 1941 Death of Rabindranath Tagore, escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India

  • 1942 Arrival of Cripps Mission in India, ‘Quit India’ movement launched (Aug.8)

  • 1943-44 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provincial Azad Hindu Hukumat

  • and Indian National Army, Bengal famine

  • 1945 Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference World War II ends

  • 1946 British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim Government formed at the Centre,

  • 1947 Division of India; India and Pakistan form separate independent dominions

  • 1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (Jan.30); integration of princely states. 1949 Cease-fire in Kashmir, Indian Constitution signed and adopted(Nov.26) 1950 India becomes a Sovereign Democratic Republic (Jan.26)and Constitution of India comes into force

  • 1951 First Five-year Plan. First Asian Games held in Delhi 1952 First General Elections of the Lok Sabha

  • 1953 Conquest of a Mt.Everest by Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary 1956 Second Five-Year Plan launched.

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