Important Events Second General Elections in Indian History

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  • 1957 Second General Elections; decimal coinage introduced, Liberation of Goa.

  • 1962 Third General Elections in India; Chinese attack on India (Dec 20 ) 1963 Nagaland becomes the 16th Indian State

  • 1964 Death of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru 1965 Pakistan attacks India

  • 1966 Tashkent Pact; Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri; Mrs. Indira Gandhi elected Prime Minister of India.

  • 1967 Fourth General Elections; Dr Zakir Hussain elected the third president of India

  • 1969 V.V.Giri elected President of India, Nationalisation of the leading banks by Presidential ordinance.

  • 1970 Meghalaya designated as autonomous state.

  • 1971 Himachal Pradesh becomes a State; Indo-Pak War, Bangladesh is born 1972 Shimla agreement; Death of C.Rajagopalachari

  • 1973 Mysore State renamed Karnataka

  • 1974 India explodes a nuclear device; Fakhuruddin Ali Ahmed elected as fifth President Sikkim becomes on associate State of India

  • 1975 India launches ‘Aryabhata’; Sikkim becomes 22nd State of the Indian

  • Union; State of Emergency is declared

  • 1976 India and China establish diplomatic relations

  • 1977 Sixth General Elections; Janata Party gets majority in Lok Sabha; Neelam Sanjiva Reddy elected sixth President of India

  • 1979 Morarji Desai resigns as Prime Minister, Haran Singh becomes Prime Minister; Haran Singh resigns ( Aug 20 ) Sixth Lok Sabha dissolved

  • 1980 Seventh General Elections; Congress I comes to power; Mrs. Indira Gandhi sworn in as Prime Minister; Sanjay Gandhi dies in an air crash, India Launches SLV-3 into space carrying Rohini Satellite

  • 1982 Longest bridge in Asia opened ( March 2 ); Acharya J.B. Kripalani dies ( March 19) INSAT.1A launched; Giani Zail Singh elected President of India (July 15) Over 500 persons killed in Gujarat Cyclone ( Nov.5); Acharua Vinobha dies (Nov 15) IX Asian Games inaugurated (Nov 19)

  • 1983 CHOGM held in New Delhi

  • 1984 Operation Blue Star in Punjab; Rakesh Sharma goes into space; Mrs. Indira Gandhi assassinated; Rajiv Gandhi becomes PM

  • 1985 Rajiv-Longowal accord signed; Sant H.S. Longowal killed elections in Punjab; Assam accord; VII Five-Year Plan launched 1986 Mizoram accord. 1987 R.Venkataraman elected President; Shankar Dayal Sharma elected Vice-President of India, Bofors gun and Fairfax controversies

  • 1989 Ram Shilanyas Puja at Ayodhyat; India’s first IRBM ‘ Agni’ successfully launched from Orissa (May 22); Trishul Missile test fised (June 5); Second successful launch of Prithvi (Sept 27); Rajiv Government loses poll and resigns (Nov.29); Jawahar Rozgar Yojna launched (Nov.29);National front leader V.P. Singh sworn in as seventh PM, New cabinet sworn in (Dec.2), Ninth Lok Sabha constituted

  • 1990 Last of IPKF return home (March 25); Indian Airlines A-320 Airbus Crash (Feb. 14); Janata Dal splits; BJP withdraws support to the Government; Advani takes out Rath Yatra and is arrested, Mandal Report implemented announced by V.P. Singh Violence in Ayodhya due to Ram Janam Bhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute

  • 1991 Gulf War breaks out (Jan. 17); Rajiv Gandhi assassinated (May 21); X Lok Sabha constituted (June 20); P. V. Narasimha Rao becomes Prime Minister

  • 1992 India establishes full diplomatic ties with Israel (Jan. 29); Bharat Ratna and Oscar winner Satyajit Ray dies (April 23); S.D.Sharma elected President (July 25); INS Shakti-first indigeneously built submarine was launched on Feb. 7

  • 1993 Ordinance to acquire 67.33 acres in Ayodhya (Jan 7); Massive security falls in BJP rally; Wave of bombing leaves 300 dead in Bombay; Insat-2B becomes fully operational; Earthquake in Maharashtra

  • 1994 Government monopoly over civil aviation ends; Storm over GATT treaty; Plague outbreak; Sushmita Sen-Miss Universe; Aishwarya Rai-Miss World

  • 1995 Mayawati First Dalit Chief Minister of UP; BJP comes to power in Maharashtra and Gujarat, Janata Dal in Karnataka and Congress in Orissa; Indian National Congress (T) formed; President’s Rule in UP after fall of Mayawati; INSAT 2C and IRSI-C launched

  • 1996 Hawala takes toll of several Union Ministers ans opposition leaders; PSLV D3 launched on March 21 with IRSP-3 ushering new era in India space Programme; Eleventh Lok Sabha Elections held on April 127-BJP emerges as the single largest party

  • 1997 On August 15, India celebrated its 50th year of Independence

  • 1998 Death of Mother Teressa; Atal Behari Vajpayee becomes Indian Prime Minister; India explodes its second nuclear device (Pokhran II)

  • 1999 India Airlines plane IC-814 hijacked by terrorists and taken to Kandahar, Afghanistan, on Dec 24, 1999. Three militants released by Indian govt. for the freedom of hostages kept as passengers. In June 1999, Flt. Lt. K. Nachiketa, the captured Indian pilot, released by Pakistan after eight days of captivity. ‘Operation Vijay’ launched by Indian Army to flush out Pakistani infiltrators inside Loc in the Kargil sector of J&K, India wins battle.

  • 2000A US President Bill Clinton visits India during March 2000. Three new states Chhattisgarh, Uttaranchal and Jharkhand created. India’s population crossed one billion marks.

  • 2001 ‘Agra Summit’ between India and Pakistan in July 2001; Worst natural calamity of India: Gujarat Earthquake in Jan 2001; ‘Tehelka.Com’ screened video tapes which opened the murky world of arms deal and its kickbacks to Indian Army officials, ministers and politicians in March 2001; VI th census of

  • India (since Independence) concluded in March 2001. Enron bids farewall to Indian energy sector in August 2001; GSLV

  • Launched successfully in April 2001 and PSLC-C3 launch conducted in October 2001.

  • 2002 A 71-year old missile scientist, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, is elected President of India; one of the most harrific communal roits in recent history, the Godhra Incident, happens on Feb 27, 2002 in Gujarat; National Water Policy announced in April, which aims at integrating water resources development and management for optimal and sustainable utilisation.

  • 2003 A Formation of Strategic Forces Command (SFO) and the Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) by India; Air Marshal Teja Mohan Asthana named first commander in chief of the SFC; Advanced multipurpose satellite,

  • INSAT-3A is successfully launched into space from Kourou of French Guyana; CBI forms an Economic Intelligence Wing to tackle white-collar crime in June; India’s adnaced communication satellite INSAT-3E is launched by a European rocket from the spaceport of Kourou of French Guyana in December

  • 2004 NDA government ousted by the Congress and its allies in the General Election; Congress A President Ms Sonia Gandhi opts against becoming Prime Minister of India despite being in a strong position; Congress and its allies forms government at the centre under the Prime Ministership of Dr.Manmohan Singh.

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