Russia-India-China Trilateral and Russia and Chechnya: Skolkova Initiative

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Russia-India-China Trilateral

  • Foreign ministers level meeting

  • The importance of the trilateral initiative can be attributed to the fact that India, Russia and China, as countries with growing international influence, can make substantive contributions to global peace, security and stability. It is increasingly felt that cooperation rather than confrontation should govern approaches to regional and global affairs.

  • The three countries together encompass approximately 40 per cent of the world’s 6.5 billion people. There is no military angle to this tie-up, and it is aimed at promoting international harmony and facilitating mutual cooperation in a multi-polar world. As India, China, and Russia enjoy economic growth and development never before seen in their history, they appear to have a lot to contribute to each other’s growth and become a force to reckon with on the international scene.

  • Vladimir Putin, the prime minister of Russia, has been pressing for a multi-polar world. Russia believes that multilateral diplomacy based on international law should manage regional and global relations. In his famous Munich speech, Putin had said that a “unipolar world had failed to materialise, and the new international system has not one but several leading actors and their collective leadership is needed to manage global relations.” He further said that this multi-polarity encourages a network of diplomacy as the best way for states to achieve their shared objectives.

  • India is of the view that trilateral cooperation would help in contributing to peace and development in the region and in the world at large. Russia too is of the opinion that as the three countries uphold the concept of a multi-polar world and frequently take similar stands at multilateral bodies, they could utilise the synergy to promote their domestic economic development.

  • China has been articulating the view that the three countries could join hands in several fields, including trade, energy, and science and technology to broaden strategic ties with each other. In this context, the trilateral meeting assumes significance because the forum of foreign ministers could be useful to chalk out a concrete road map for future cooperation.

  • The trilateral is not a pipedream or rhetoric. It has the potential to promote and facilitate regional security and stability and also provides a good platform for bilateral meetings on its sidelines. On the issue of terrorism, which afflicts all three countries, they can effectively and meaningfully collaborate and cooperate. They can also work together in disaster mitigation and management.

Russia and Chechnya

  • Chechnya declared independence in 1991

  • First Chechen War lasted from 1994-96

  • Russian forces were unable to regain control

  • Chechen Republic of Ichkeria was established after this

  • Second Chechen War (1999-2009)

  • Russia was successful in installing a pro-Moscow Chechen regime

Skolkova Initiative

The Skolkova initiative is part of Russia’s attempt to develop a robust national innovation system and a knowledge-based economy.

12Th Indo-Russia Summit (December 2011)

  • Decided to move forward with the units 3 and 4 at Kudankulam

  • Exceptional soft loan terms for the reactor

  • S&T centre with offices in Delhi and Moscow.

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